Biomedical Research Education & Training
Faculty Member

Buchowski, Maciej S., Ph.D.
Research Professor of Medicine
Research Professor of Pediatrics

Lab Url: N/A

Phone Number: 615-343-4192

Email Address:

Buchowski, Maciej's picture
Academic history
M.Sc., Life Sciences University, Poznan. Poland
Ph.D., Life Sciences University, Poznan. Poland
Postdoc, Univ. of British Columbia
Postdoc, Cornell University

Office Address   Mailing Address

A4103 MCN

A4103 MCN 37232-5280

Research Keywords
Energy and Nutrient Metabolism

Research Specialty
energy balance, nutrition in health and disease, physical activity

Buchowski, MS, Simmons, SF, Whitaker, LE, Powers, J, Beuscher, L, Choi, L, Ikizler, TA, Chen, K, Shnelle, JF. Fatigability as a function of physical activity energy expenditure in older adults. Age (Dordr), 35(1), 179-87, 2013

Cohen, SS, Matthews, CE, Bradshaw, PT, Lipworth, L, Buchowski, MS, Signorello, LB, Blot, WJ. Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and likelihood of breast cancer among black and white women: a report from the Southern Community Cohort Study. Cancer Prev Res (Phila), 2013

Cohen, SS, Matthews, CE, Signorello, LB, Schlundt, DG, Blot, WJ, Buchowski, MS. Sedentary and physically active behavior patterns among low-income African-American and white adults living in the southeastern United States. PLoS One, 8(4), e59975, 2013

Warolin, J, Coenen, KR, Kantor, JL, Whitaker, LE, Wang, L, Acra, SA, Roberts, LJ, Buchowski, MS. The relationship of oxidative stress, adiposity and metabolic risk factors in healthy Black and White American youth. Pediatr Obes, 2013

Zoorob, R, Buchowski, MS, Beech, BM, Canedo, JR, Chandrasekhar, R, Akohoue, S, Hull, PC. Healthy families study: Design of a childhood obesity prevention trial for Hispanic families. Contemp Clin Trials, 35(2), 108-121, 2013

Buchowski, MS, Hongu, N, Acra, S, Wang, L, Warolin, J, Roberts, LJ. Effect of modest caloric restriction on oxidative stress in women, a randomized trial. PLoS One, 7(10), e47079, 2012

Choi, L, Ward, SC, Schnelle, JF, Buchowski, MS. Assessment of Wear/Nonwear Time Classification Algorithms for Triaxial Accelerometer. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2012

Cohen, SS, Fowke, JH, Cai, Q, Buchowski, MS, Signorello, LB, Hargreaves, MK, Zheng, W, Blot, WJ, Matthews, CE. Differences in the Association between Serum Leptin Levels and Body Mass Index in Black and White Women: A Report from the Southern Community Cohort Study. Ann Nutr Metab, 60(2), 90-97, 2012

Edwards, TL, Velez Edwards, DR, Villegas, R, Cohen, SS, Buchowski, MS, Fowke, JH, Schlundt, D, Long, JR, Cai, Q, Zheng, W, Shu, XO, Hargreaves, MK, Jeffrey, S, Williams, SM, Signorello, LB, Blot, WJ, Matthews, CE. HTR1B, ADIPOR1, PPARGC1A, and CYP19A1 and obesity in a cohort of Caucasians and African Americans: an evaluation of gene-environment interactions and candidate genes. Am J Epidemiol, 175(1), 11-21, 2012

Powers, JS, Buchowski, M, Wang, L, Otoo-Boameh, A. Total body water in elderly adults--assessing hydration status by bioelectrical impedance analysis vs urine osmolality. J Am Geriatr Soc, 60(2), 388-90, 2012

Pugh, ME, Buchowski, MS, Robbins, IM, Newman, JH, Hemnes, AR. Physical Activity Limitation as Measured by Accelerometry in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Chest, 2012

Schnelle, JF, Buchowski, MS, Ikizler, TA, Durkin, DW, Beuscher, L, Simmons, SF. Evaluation of two fatigability severity measures in elderly adults. J Am Geriatr Soc, 60(8), 1527-33, 2012

Shibao, C, Buchowski, MS, Chen, KY, Yu, C, Biaggioni, I. Chronic sympathetic attenuation and energy metabolism in autonomic failure. Hypertension, 59(5), 985-90, 2012

Shoemaker, AH, Lomenick, JP, Saville, BR, Wang, W, Buchowski, MS, Cone, RD. Energy expenditure in obese children with pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a. Int J Obes (Lond), 2012

Warolin, J, Carrico, AR, Whitaker, LE, Wang, L, Chen, KY, Acra, S, Buchowski, MS. Effect of BMI on prediction of accelerometry-based energy expenditure in youth. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 44(12), 2428-35, 2012

Warolin, J, Whitaker, LE, Choi, L, Acra, S, Buchowski, MS. Comparative assessment of change in fat mass using dual X-ray absorptiometry and air-displacement plethysmography. Clin Obes, 2(3-4), 66-72, 2012

Buchowski, MS, Matthews, CE, Cohen, SS, Signorello, LB, Fowke, JH, Hargreaves, MK, Schlundt, DG, Blot, WJ. Evaluation of a Questionnaire to Assess Sedentary and Active Behaviors in the Southern Community Cohort Study. J Phys Act Health, 2011

Buchowski, MS, Meade, NN, Charboneau, E, Park, S, Dietrich, MS, Cowan, RL, Martin, PR. Aerobic exercise training reduces cannabis craving and use in non-treatment seeking cannabis-dependent adults. PLoS One, 6(3), e17465, 2011 PMCID:3050879

Choi, L, Liu, Z, Matthews, CE, Buchowski, MS. Validation of Accelerometer Wear and Nonwear Time Classification Algorithm. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 43(2), 357-64, 2011

Patel, K, Hargreaves, MK, Liu, J, Schlundt, D, Sanderson, M, Matthews, CE, Dewey, CM, Kenerson, D, Buchowski, MS, Blot, WJ. Relationship between smoking and obesity among women. Am J Health Behav, 35(5), 627-36, 2011

Ruiz, R, Gesell, SB, Buchowski, MS, Lambert, W, Barkin, SL. The relationship between hispanic parents and their preschool-aged children''s physical activity. Pediatrics, 127(5), 888-95, 2011

Buchowski, MS, Aslam, M, Dossett, C, Dorminy, C, Choi, L, Acra, S. Effect of dairy and non-dairy calcium on fecal fat excretion in lactose digester and maldigester obese adults. Int J Obes (Lond), 34(1), 127-35, 2010 PMCID:2836833

Buchowski, MS, Cohen, SS, Matthews, CE, Schlundt, DG, Signorello, LB, Hargreaves, MK, Blot, WJ. Physical activity and obesity gap between black and white women in the southeastern U.S. Am J Prev Med, 39(2), 140-7, 2010

Choi, L, Chen, KY, Acra, SA, Buchowski, MS. Distributed lag and spline modeling for predicting energy expenditure from accelerometry in youth. J Appl Physiol, 108(2), 314-27, 2010

Farrell K, Dent L, Nguyen ML, Buchowski M, Bhatt A, Aguinaga Mdel P.. The relationship of oxygen transport and cardiac index for the prevention of sickle cell crises.. J Natl Med Assoc, 102(11), 1000-7, 2010

Fowke, JH, Matthews, CE, Yu, H, Cai, Q, Cohen, S, Buchowski, MS, Zheng, W, Blot, WJ. Racial differences in the association between body mass index and serum IGF1, IGF2, and IGFBP3. Endocr Relat Cancer, 17(1), 51-60, 2010 PMCID:2836833

Osborn, CY, Patel, KA, Liu, J, Trott, HW, Buchowski, MS, Hargreaves, MK, Blot, WJ, Cohen, SS, Schlundt, DG. Diabetes and Co-morbid Depression Among Racially Diverse, Low-Income Adults. Ann Behav Med, 2010 PMCID:3050879

Osborn, CY, Trott, HW, Buchowski, MS, Patel, KA, Kirby, LD, Hargreaves, MK, Blot, WJ, Cohen, SS, Schlundt, DG. Racial disparities in the treatment of depression in low-income persons with diabetes. Diabetes Care, 33(5), 1050-4, 2010

Rothney, MP, Brychta, RJ, Meade, NN, Chen, KY, Buchowski, MS. Validation of the ActiGraph two-regression model for predicting energy expenditure. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 42(9), 1785-92, 2010 PMCID:2919650

Signorello, LB, Buchowski, MS, Cai, Q, Munro, HM, Hargreaves, MK, Blot, WJ. Biochemical validation of food frequency questionnaire-estimated carotenoid, alpha-tocopherol, and folate intakes among African Americans and non-Hispanic Whites in the Southern Community Cohort Study. Am J Epidemiol, 171(4), 488-97, 2010 PMCID:2842194

Tamboli, RA, Hossain, HA, Marks, PA, Eckhauser, AW, Rathmacher, JA, Phillips, SE, Buchowski, MS, Chen, KY, Abumrad, NN. Body composition and energy metabolism following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring), 18(9), 1718-24, 2010

Aslam, M, Eckhauser, AW, Dorminy, CA, Dossett, CM, Choi, L, Buchowski, MS. Assessing Body Fat Changes during Moderate Weight Loss with Anthropometry and Bioelectrical Impedance. Obes Res Clin Pract, 3(4), 209, 2009

Buchowski, MS, Choi, L, Majchrzak, KM, Acra, S, Mathews, CE, Chen, KY. Seasonal changes in amount and patterns of physical activity in women. J Phys Act Health, 6(2), 252-61, 2009 PMCID:2800047

Cohen SS, Larson CO, Matthews CE, Buchowski MS, Signorello LB, Hargreaves MK, Blot WJ.. Parity and breastfeeding in relation to obesity among black and white women in the southern community cohort study.. J Womens Health (Larchmt), 18(9), 1323-32, 2009

Powers, JS, Choi, L, Bitting, R, Gupta, N, Buchowski, M. Rapid measurement of total body water to facilitate clinical decision making in hospitalized elderly patients. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, 64(6), 664-9, 2009 PMCID:2800804

Rhodes, M, Akohoue, SA, Shankar, SM, Fleming, I, Qi An, A, Yu, C, Acra, S, Buchowski, MS. Growth patterns in children with sickle cell anemia during puberty. Pediatr Blood Cancer, 53(4), 635-41, 2009 PMCID:2836833

Signorello LB, Munro HM, Buchowski MS, Schlundt DG, Cohen SS, Hargreaves MK, Blot WJ.. Estimating nutrient intake from a food frequency questionnaire: incorporating the elements of race and geographic region.. Am J Epidem, 170(1), 104-11, 2009

Dorminy, CA, Choi, L, Akohoue, SA, Chen, KY, Buchowski, MS. Validity of a multisensor armband in estimating 24-h energy expenditure in children. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 40(4), 699-706, 2008 PMCID:2891281

Fowke, JH, Matthews, CM, Buchowski, MS, Signorello, LB, Chang, SS, Cookson, MS, Blot, WJ. Association between prostate-specific antigen and leptin, adiponectin, HbA1c or C-peptide among African-American and Caucasian men. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis, 11(3), 264-9, 2008 PMCID:2891281

Matthews, CE, Chen, KY, Freedson, PS, Buchowski, MS, Beech, BM, Pate, RR, Troiano, RP. Amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors in the United States, 2003-2004. Am J Epidemiol, 167(7), 875-81, 2008 PMCID:2891281

Powers JS, Roberts LJ 2nd, Tarvin E, Hongu N, Choi L, Buchowski M.. Oxidative stress and multi-organ failure in hospitalized elderly people. J Am Geriatr Soc, 55(6), 1150-2, 2008

Akohoue, SA, Shankar, S, Milne, GL, Morrow, J, Chen, KY, Ajayi, WU, Buchowski, MS. Energy expenditure, inflammation, and oxidative stress in steady-state adolescents with sickle cell anemia. Pediatr Res, 61(2), 233-8, 2007

Buchowski, MS, Majchrzak, KM, Blomquist, K, Chen, KY, Byrne, DW, Bachorowski, JA. Energy expenditure of genuine laughter. Int J Obes (Lond), 31(1), 131-7, 2007

Buchowski, MS, Swift, LL, Akohoue, SA, Shankar, SM, Flakoll, PJ, Abumrad, N. Defects in postabsorptive plasma homeostasis of fatty acids in sickle cell disease. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr, 31(4), 263-8, 2007 PMCID:2916689

Schlundt, DG, Buchowski, MS, Hargreaves, MK, Hankin, JH, Signorello, LB, Blot, WJ. Separate estimates of portion size were not essential for energy and nutrient estimation: results from the Southern Community Cohort food-frequency questionnaire pilot study. Public Health Nutr, 10(3), 245-51, 2007

Signorello LB, Schlundt DG, Cohen SS, Steinwandel MD, Buchowski MS, McLaughlin JK, Hargreaves MK, Blot WJ.. Comparing diabetes prevalence between African Americans and Whites of similar socioeconomic status.. Am J Public Health, 97(12), 2260-7, 2007

Fowke, JH, Signorello, LB, Chang, SS, Matthews, CE, Buchowski, MS, Cookson, MS, Ukoli, FM, Blot, WJ. Effects of obesity and height on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and percentage of free PSA levels among African-American and Caucasian men. Cancer, 107(10), 2361-7, 2006

Signorello, LB, Hargreaves, MK, Steinwandel, MD, Zheng, W, Cai, Q, Schlundt, DG, Buchowski, MS, Arnold, CW, McLaughlin, JK, Blot, WJ. Southern community cohort study: establishing a cohort to investigate health disparities. J Natl Med Assoc, 97(7), 972-9, 2005 PMCID:2569308

Buchholz, AC, Majchrzak, KM, Chen, KY, Shankar, SM, Buchowski, MS. Use of air displacement plethysmography in the determination of percentage of fat mass in african american children. Pediatr Res, 56(1), 47-54, 2004

Buchowski, MS, Acra, S, Majchrzak, KM, Sun, M, Chen, KY. Patterns of physical activity in free-living adults in the Southern United States. Eur J Clin Nutr, 58(5), 828-37, 2004

Chen, KY, Acra, SA, Donahue, CL, Sun, M, Buchowski, MS. Efficiency of walking and stepping: relationship to body fatness. Obes Res, 12(6), 982-9, 2004

Buchowski, MS, Schlundt, DG, Hargreaves, MK, Hankin, JH, Signorello, LB, Blot, WJ. Development of a culturally sensitive food frequency questionnaire for use in the Southern Community Cohort Study. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand), 49(8), 1295-304, 2003

Chen, KY, Acra, SA, Majchrzak, K, Donahue, CL, Baker, L, Clemens, L, Sun, M, Buchowski, MS. Predicting energy expenditure of physical activity using hip- and wrist-worn accelerometers. Diabetes Technol Ther, 5(6), 1023-33, 2003

Schlundt, DG, Hargreaves, MK, Buchowski, MS. The Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire predicts dietary fat intake in African American women. J Am Diet Assoc, 103(3), 338-45, 2003

Buchowski MS, Butts NA, Pichert JW. Dietitians? changes following continuing education on nutrition management of hospitalized elderly. J Nutr Elderly, 22, 35-47, 2002

Buchowski, MS, Chen, KY, Byrne, D, Wang, WC. Equation to estimate resting energy expenditure in adolescents with sickle cell anemia. Am J Clin Nutr, 76(6), 1335-44, 2002

Buchowski, MS, Plaisted, C, Fort, J, Zeisel, SH. Computer-assisted teaching of nutritional anemias and diabetes to first-year medical students. Am J Clin Nutr, 75(1), 154-61, 2002

Buchowski, MS, Semenya, J, Johnson, AO. Dietary calcium intake in lactose maldigesting intolerant and tolerant African-American women. J Am Coll Nutr, 21(1), 47-54, 2002

Buchowski, MS, Townsend, KM, Williams, R, Chen, KY. Patterns and energy expenditure of free-living physical activity in adolescents with sickle cell anemia. J Pediatr, 140(1), 86-92, 2002

Hargreaves, MK, Schlundt, DG, Buchowski, MS. Contextual factors influencing the eating behaviours of African American women: a focus group investigation. Ethn Health, 7(3), 133-47, 2002

Buchowski, MS, de la Fuente, FA, Flakoll, PJ, Chen, KY, Turner, EA. Increased bone turnover is associated with protein and energy metabolism in adolescents with sickle cell anemia. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 280(3), E518-27, 2001

Buchowski, MS, Simmons, LA, Chen, KY, Flakoll, PJ, Mellen, BG, Turner, EA. Plasma leptin association with body composition and energy expenditure in sickle cell disease. J Am Coll Nutr, 19(2), 228-36, 2000

Buchowski, MS, Townsend, KM, Chen, KY, Acra, SA, Sun, M. Energy expenditure determined by self-reported physical activity is related to body fatness. Obes Res, 7(1), 23-33, 1999

Hargreaves, MK, Schlundt, DG, Buchowski, MS, Hardy, RE, Rossi, SR, Rossi, JS. Stages of change and the intake of dietary fat in African-American women: improving stage assignment using the Eating Styles Questionnaire. J Am Diet Assoc, 99(11), 1392-9, 1999

Borel, MJ, Buchowski, MS, Turner, EA, Goldstein, RE, Flakoll, PJ. Protein turnover and energy expenditure increase during exogenous nutrient availability in sickle cell disease. Am J Clin Nutr, 68(3), 607-14, 1998

Borel, MJ, Buchowski, MS, Turner, EA, Peeler, BB, Goldstein, RE, Flakoll, PJ. Alterations in basal nutrient metabolism increase resting energy expenditure in sickle cell disease. Am J Physiol, 274(2 Pt 1), E357-64, 1998

Buchowski MS, Darud J, Chen K, Sun M. Work efficiency during step aerobic exercise in women instructors and non-instructors. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 69, 82-88, 1998

Hargreaves, MK, Buchowski, MS, Hardy, RE, Rossi, SR, Rossi, JS. Dietary factors and cancers of breast, endometrium, and ovary: strategies for modifying fat intake in African American women. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 176(6), S255-64, 1997

Buchowski, MS, Sun, M. Energy expenditure, television viewing and obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 20(3), 236-44, 1996

Buchowski, MS, Sun, M. Nutrition in minority elders: current problems and future directions. J Health Care Poor Underserved, 7(3), 184-209, 1996

Enwonwu CO, Johnson AO, Buchowski M.. Umbilical vein serum amino acid levels in African Americans: relationship to birthweight and maternal variables.. J Natl Med Assoc, 86(8), 599-605, 1994

Johnson, AO, Semenya, JG, Buchowski, MS, Enwonwu, CO, Scrimshaw, NS. Adaptation of lactose maldigesters to continued milk intakes. Am J Clin Nutr, 58(6), 879-81, 1993

Johnson, AO, Semenya, JG, Buchowski, MS, Enwonwu, CO, Scrimshaw, NS. Correlation of lactose maldigestion, lactose intolerance, and milk intolerance. Am J Clin Nutr, 57(3), 399-401, 1993

Buchowski, MS, Mahoney, AW, Kalpalathika, PV, Hendricks, DG. Determination of iron absorption by rat bioassay. Evaluation of methods of dosing 59Fe on radioiron absorption from plant diets. Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 41(4), 299-307, 1991

Buchowski, MS, Miller, DD. Lactose, calcium source and age affect calcium bioavailability in rats. J Nutr, 121(11), 1746-54, 1991

Buchowski, MS, Sowizral, KC, Lengemann, FW, Van Campen, D, Miller, DD. A comparison of intrinsic and extrinsic tracer methods for estimating calcium bioavailability to rats from dairy foods. J Nutr, 119(2), 228-34, 1989

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