Biomedical Research Education & Training
Faculty Member

Galloway, Robert Lee, Ph.D.
Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Emeritus
Professor Emeritus of Surgery
Professor Emeritus of Neurological Surgery

Lab Url:

Phone Number: (615) 343-8102

Email Address:

Galloway, Robert's picture
Academic history
BSE, Duke University, Durham NC
ME, Virginia
Ph.D., Duke University, Durham NC
, Vanderbilt University

Office Address   Mailing Address

5824 Science & Engr Building

5824 Science & Engr Building Box 351631 Station B 37240

Research Keywords
biomedical engineering, MRI, stereotactic surgery, neurosurgery, medical imaging, instrumentation

Research Specialty
Medical imaging and instrumentation

Research Description
In developing systems for interactive, image-guided surgery (IIGS), the Surgical Navigation Apparatus Research Laboratory (SNARL) is interested in every part of the process. This includes three-dimensional position tracking devices, the understanding of issues related to all forms of medical imaging, and appropriate intrasurgical display of surgical position and other information.
Current Projects Include:

1. Use of vascular imaging in image-guided surgery.

2. Incorporation of electrophysiology information, both stimulus response and passive monitoring, into IIGS.

3. Intraoperative imaging techniques such as endoscopy and intraoperative ultrasound.

4. New applications of IIGS techniques specifically in spinal surgery.

5. New applications of IIGS for the liver.

Bao, P, Sinha, TK, Chen, CC, Warmath, JR, Galloway, RL, Herline, AJ. A prototype ultrasound-guided laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation system. Surg Endosc, 21(1), 74-9, 2007

Cash, DM, Miga, MI, Sinha, TK, Galloway, RL, Chapman, WC. Compensating for intraoperative soft-tissue deformations using incomplete surface data and finite elements. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 24(11), 1479-91, 2005

Gebhart, SC, Jansen, ED, Galloway, RL. Dynamic, three-dimensional optical tracking of an ablative laser beam. Med Phys, 32(1), 209-20, 2005

Labadie, RF, Shah, RJ, Harris, SS, Cetinkaya, E, Haynes, DS, Fenlon, MR, Juszczyk, AS, Galloway, RL, Fitzpatrick, JM. In vitro assessment of image-guided otologic surgery: submillimeter accuracy within the region of the temporal bone. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 132(3), 435-42, 2005

Warmath, JR, Bao, P, Clements, LW, Herline, AJ, Galloway, RL. Development of a three-dimensional freehand endorectal ultrasound system for use in rectal cancer imaging. Med Phys, 32(6), 1757-66, 2005

Labadie, RF, Shah, RJ, Harris, SS, Cetinkaya, E, Haynes, DS, Fenlon, MR, Juscyzk, AS, Galloway, RL, Fitzpatrick, JM. Submillimetric target-registration error using a novel, non-invasive fiducial system for image-guided otologic surgery. Comput Aided Surg, 9(4), 145-53, 2004

Cash, David M, Sinha, Tuhin K, Chapman, William C, Terawaki, Hiromi, Dawant, Benoit M, Galloway, Robert L, Miga, Michael I. Incorporation of a laser range scanner into image-guided liver surgery: surface acquisition, registration, and tracking. Med Phys, 30(7), 1671-82, 2003

Miga, Michael I, Sinha, Tuhin K, Cash, David M, Galloway, Robert L, Weil, Robert J. Cortical surface registration for image-guided neurosurgery using laser-range scanning. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 22(8), 973-85, 2003

Cash, David M, Palmisano, Michelle G, Galloway, Robert L. Centroid-based maximum intensity projections. J Comput Assist Tomogr, 26(1), 73-83, 2002

Stefansic, James D, Bass, W Andrew, Hartmann, Steven L, Beasley, Ryan A, Sinha, Tuhin K, Cash, David M, Herline, Alan J, Galloway, Robert L. Design and implementation of a PC-based image-guided surgical system. Comput Methods Programs Biomed, 69(3), 211-24, 2002

Galloway, R L. The process and development of image-guided procedures. Annu Rev Biomed Eng, 3, 83-108, 2001

Muratore, D M, Galloway, R L. Beam calibration without a phantom for creating a 3-D freehand ultrasound system. Ultrasound Med Biol, 27(11), 1557-66, 2001

Hartmann, S L, Galloway, R L. Depth-buffer targeting for spatially accurate 3-D visualization of medical images. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 19(10), 1024-31, 2000

Herline, A J, Herring, J L, Stefansic, J D, Chapman, W C, Galloway, R L, Dawant, B M. Surface registration for use in interactive, image-guided liver surgery. Comput Aided Surg, 5(1), 11-7, 2000

Herline, A, Stefansic, J D, Debelak, J, Galloway, R L, Chapman, W C. Technical advances toward interactive image-guided laparoscopic surgery. Surg Endosc, 14(7), 675-9, 2000

Stefansic, J D, Herline, A J, Shyr, Y, Chapman, W C, Fitzpatrick, J M, Dawant, B M, Galloway, R L. Registration of physical space to laparoscopic image space for use in minimally invasive hepatic surgery. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 19(10), 1012-23, 2000

Herline, A J, Stefansic, J D, Debelak, J P, Hartmann, S L, Pinson, C W, Galloway, R L, Chapman, W C. Image-guided surgery: preliminary feasibility studies of frameless stereotactic liver surgery. Arch Surg, 134(6), 644-9; discussion 649-50, 1999

Burkey, B B, Speyer, M T, Maciunas, R J, Fitzpatrick, J M, Galloway, R L, Allen, G S. Sublabial, transseptal, transsphenoidal approach to the pituitary region guided by the ACUSTAR I system. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 118(2), 191-4, 1998

Galloway RL, Bass WA. Hockey C. Task-Oriented Asymmetric Multiprocessing for Image-Guided Surgery . Parallel Computing, 24, 1323-1343, 1998

Herring, J L, Dawant, B M, Maurer, C R, Muratore, D M, Galloway, R L, Fitzpatrick, J M. Surface-based registration of CT images to physical space for image-guided surgery of the spine: a sensitivity study. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 17(5), 743-52, 1998

Lewis, J T, Galloway, R L, Schreiner, S. An ultrasonic approach to localization of fiducial markers for interactive, image-guided neurosurgery--Part I: Principles. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng, 45(5), 620-30, 1998

Schreiner, S, Galloway, R L, Lewis, J T, Bass, W A, Muratore, D M. An ultrasonic approach to localization of fiducial markers for interactive, image-guided neurosurgery--Part II: Implementation and automation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng, 45(5), 631-41, 1998

Maurer, C R, Fitzpatrick, J M, Wang, M Y, Galloway, R L, Maciunas, R J, Allen, G S. Registration of head volume images using implantable fiducial markers. IEEE Trans Med Imaging, 16(4), 447-62, 1997

Klaesner JW, Pou NA, Parker RE, Galloway RL, Roselli RJ. Laser System For Measuring Small Changes in Plasma Tracer Concentrations. Biomedical Instrumentation and Technology, 507-516, 1996

Klaesner, J W, Pou, N A, Parker, R E, Galloway, R L, Roselli, R J. Laser system for measuring small changes in plasma tracer concentrations. Biomed Instrum Technol, 30(6), 507-16, 1996

Schreiner, S, Paschal, C B, Galloway, R L. Comparison of projection algorithms used for the construction of maximum intensity projection images. J Comput Assist Tomogr, 20(1), 56-67, 1996

Olson LE, Harris TR, Pou AN, Sayed-Ahmed MN, Galloway RL. An Optical Multiple Indicator Dilution Technique to Measure Lung Permeability-Surface Area: Calibration and Baseline Measurement. IEEE-Transactions on BME, 42(5), 451-463, 1995

Edwards CA, Galloway RL. "A Single Point Calibration Technique for a Six Degree of Freedom Articulated Arm" . International Journal of Robotics Research, 13(3), 189-198, 1994

Maciunas, R J, Galloway, R L, Latimer, J W. The application accuracy of stereotactic frames. Neurosurgery, 35(4), 682-94; discussion 694-5, 1994

Olson, L E, Staton, D J, Young, M, Galloway, R L, Harris, T R. Sulfhemoglobinated erythrocytes as an optical intravascular tracer in the lung. Ann Biomed Eng, 22(3), 319-27, 1994

Galloway RL, Berger MS, Bass WA and Maciunas RJ. "Registered Intraoperative Information: Electrophysiology, Ultrasound and Endoscopy". Interactive, Image-Guided Neurosurgery, R.J. Maciunas, ed., 247-258 , 1993

Galloway RL, Edwards CA, Lewis JT, Maciunas RJ. Image Display and Surgical Visualization in Interactive, Image-guided Neurosurgery. Optical Engineering, 32(8 ), 1955-1962, 1993

Galloway, R L, Maciunas, R J, Failinger, A L. Factors affecting perceived tumor volumes in magnetic resonance imaging. Ann Biomed Eng, 21(4), 367-75, 1993

Schreiner S, Galloway RL. A Fast Maximum-Intensity Projection Algorithm for Generating Magnetic Resonance Angiograms. IEEE-Transactions for Medical Imaging, 12(1), 50-57, 1993

Galloway, R L, Maciunas, R J, Edwards, C A. Interactive image-guided neurosurgery. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng, 39(12), 1226-31, 1992

Maciunas, R J, Galloway, R L, Fitzpatrick, J M, Mandava, V R, Edwards, C A, Allen, G S. A universal system for interactive image-directed neurosurgery. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg, 58(1-4), 108-13, 1992

Maciunas, R J, Galloway, R L, Latimer, J, Cobb, C, Zaccharias, E, Moore, A, Mandava, V R. An independent application accuracy evaluation of stereotactic frame systems. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg, 58(1-4), 103-7, 1992

Galloway, R L, Maciunas, R J, Latimer, J W. The accuracies of four stereotactic frame systems: an independent assessment. Biomed Instrum Technol, 25(6), 457-60, 1991

Galloway, R L, Maciunas, R J. Stereotactic neurosurgery. Crit Rev Biomed Eng, 18(3), 181-205, 1990

Galloway, R L, Maciunas, R J, Failinger, A L, Whelan, H T. Volumetric measurement of canine gliomas using MRI. Magn Reson Imaging, 8(2), 161-5, 1990

Maciunas, R J, Galloway, R L. Magnetic resonance and computed tomographic image-directed stereotaxy for animal research. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg, 53(3), 197-201, 1989

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