Biomedical Research Education & Training
Faculty Member

Blackwell, Timothy Scott, M.D.
Director, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary & Critical Care
Professor of Medicine
Ralph and Lulu Owen Chair in Medicine
Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology
Professor of Cancer Biology

Lab Url: N/A

Phone Number: 615-343-4761

Email Address: timothy.blackwell@vanderbilt.edu

Blackwell, Timothy's picture
Academic history
B.A. (summa cum laude), Vanderbilt University
M.D. (magna cum laude), University of Alabama in Birmingham

Office Address   Mailing Address

T-1217 Medical Center North

Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine T-1217 MCN 37272-2650


Research Keywords
NF-kappaB,Lung,Inflammation,Fibrosis,Transgenic,Epithelial cells,Macrophages,Cancer,Gene regulation,Gene therapy,Immunology,Knockout,Microbiology,Mouse,Pulmonary,Transcription,Transcription factor

Patient Care Specialty
Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

Research Description
My laboratory investigates lung inflamamtion/injury, remodeling, fibrosis, and development of lung cancer. Lung inflammation is important for host defense functions but can contribute to tissue injury when the inflammation is excessive or dysregulated. By studying the NF-kB transcription pathway, we hope to better understand factors that control lung inflammation, injury, and host defense. We are also interested in the basic mechanisms that lead to normal lung repair or fibrosis following injury and mechanisms by which chronic inflammation alters the lung microenvironment in a pro-tumorigenic manner.

Clinical Interests
acute lung injury/ARDS
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
lung cancer

Publications
Kropski, JA, Lawson, WE, Young, LR, Blackwell, TS. Genetic studies provide clues on the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Dis Model Mech, 6(1), 9-17, 2013

Tanjore, H, Degryse, AL, Crossno, PF, Xu, XC, McConaha, ME, Jones, BR, Polosukhin, VV, Bryant, AJ, Cheng, DS, Newcomb, DC, McMahon, FB, Gleaves, LA, Blackwell, TS, Lawson, WE. ??-Catenin in the Alveolar Epithelium Protects from Lung Fibrosis following Intratracheal Bleomycin. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 2013

Barham, W, Sherrill, T, Connelly, L, Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE. Intraductal injection of LPS as a mouse model of mastitis: signaling visualized via an NF-??B reporter transgenic. J Vis Exp(67), e4030, 2012

Degryse, AL, Xu, XC, Newman, JL, Mitchell, DB, Tanjore, H, Polosukhin, VV, Jones, BR, McMahon, FB, Gleaves, LA, Phillips, JA, Cogan, JD, Blackwell, TS, Lawson, WE. Telomerase deficiency does not alter bleomycin-induced fibrosis in mice. Exp Lung Res, 38(3), 124-34, 2012

Han, W, Li, H, Segal, BH, Blackwell, TS. Bioluminescence imaging of NADPH oxidase activity in different animal models. J Vis Exp(68), 2012

Kropski, JA, Lawson, WE, Blackwell, TS. Right place, right time: the evolving role of herpesvirus infection as a "second hit" in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 302(5), L441-4, 2012

Polosukhin, VV, Degryse, AL, Newcomb, DC, Jones, BR, Ware, LB, Lee, JW, Loyd, JE, Blackwell, TS, Lawson, WE. Intratracheal bleomycin causes airway remodeling and airflow obstruction in mice. Exp Lung Res, 38(3), 135-46, 2012

Tanjore, H, Blackwell, TS, Lawson, WE. Emerging evidence for endoplasmic reticulum stress in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 302(8), L721-9, 2012

Tanjore, H, Lawson, WE, Blackwell, TS. Endoplasmic reticulum stress as a pro-fibrotic stimulus. Biochim Biophys Acta, 2012

Young, LR, Gulleman, PM, Bridges, JP, Weaver, TE, Deutsch, GH, Blackwell, TS, McCormack, FX. The alveolar epithelium determines susceptibility to lung fibrosis in Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 186(10), 1014-24, 2012

Zaynagetdinov, R, Stathopoulos, GT, Sherrill, TP, Cheng, DS, McLoed, AG, Ausborn, JA, Polosukhin, VV, Connelly, L, Zhou, W, Fingleton, B, Peebles, RS, Prince, LS, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. Epithelial nuclear factor-I?B signaling promotes lung carcinogenesis via recruitment of regulatory T lymphocytes. Oncogene, 31(26), 3164-76, 2012

Blackwell, TS, Hipps, AN, Yamamoto, Y, Han, W, Barham, WJ, Ostrowski, MC, Yull, FE, Prince, LS. NF-{kappa}B Signaling in Fetal Lung Macrophages Disrupts Airway Morphogenesis. J Immunol, 187(5), 2740-7, 2011

Connelly, L, Barham, W, Onishko, HM, Chen, L, Sherrill, TP, Zabuawala, T, Ostrowski, MC, Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE. NF-kappaB activation within macrophages leads to an anti-tumor phenotype in a mammary tumor lung metastasis model. Breast Cancer Res, 13(4), R83, 2011 PMCID:3236346

Connelly, L, Barham, W, Onishko, HM, Sherrill, T, Chodosh, LA, Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE. Inhibition of NF-kappa B activity in mammary epithelium increases tumor latency and decreases tumor burden. Oncogene, 30(12), 1402-12, 2011

Degryse, AL, Tanjore, H, Xu, XC, Polosukhin, VV, Jones, BR, Boomershine, CS, Ortiz, C, Sherrill, TP, McMahon, FB, Gleaves, LA, Blackwell, TS, Lawson, WE. TGF{beta} signaling in lung epithelium regulates bleomycin-induced alveolar injury and fibroblast recruitment. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 300(6), L887-97, 2011

Dworski, R, Han, W, Blackwell, TS, Hoskins, A, Freeman, ML. Vitamin E prevents NRF2 suppression by allergens in asthmatic alveolar macrophages in vivo. Free Radic Biol Med, 2011

Grimm, MJ, Vethanayagam, RR, Almyroudis, NG, Lewandowski, D, Rall, N, Blackwell, TS, Segal, BH. Role of NADPH oxidase in host defense against aspergillosis. Med Mycol, 49 Suppl 1, S144-9, 2011 PMCID:2936383

Lawson, WE, Blackwell, TS, Gauldie, J. Let It Be: microRNAs Impact Interstitial Lung Disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 183(1), 1-2, 2011

Lawson, WE, Cheng, DS, Degryse, AL, Tanjore, H, Polosukhin, VV, Xu, XC, Newcomb, DC, Jones, BR, Roldan, J, Lane, KB, Morrisey, EE, Beers, MF, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. Endoplasmic reticulum stress enhances fibrotic remodeling in the lungs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2011

Phillips, JA, Cogan, JD, Austin, ED, Larkin, EK, Markin, CR, Lawson, WE, Newman, JH, Loyd, JE, Blackwell, TS. Differences in Average Age of Onset, Locus Heterogeneity, and Penetrance between Familial Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Familial Interstitial Pneumonia Can Predict the Success of Linkage and Whole Exome Sequencing in Discovering Disease-Causing Alleles. Proc Am Thorac Soc, 8(2), 205-6, 2011

Polosukhin, VV, Cates, JM, Lawson, WE, Milstone, AP, Matafonov, AG, Massion, PP, Lee, JW, Randell, SH, Blackwell, TS. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 signalling promotes goblet cell hyperplasia in airway epithelium. J Pathol, 224(2), 203-11, 2011

Polosukhin, VV, Cates, JM, Lawson, WE, Zaynagetdinov, R, Milstone, AP, Massion, PP, Ocak, S, Lee, JW, Bowler, RP, Kononov, AV, Randell, SH, Blackwell, TS. Bronchial Secretory IgA Deficiency Correlates With Airway Inflammation and Progression of COPD. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 2011

Tanjore, H, Cheng, DS, Degryse, AL, Zoz, DF, Abdolrasulnia, R, Lawson, WE, Blackwell, TS. Alveolar epithelial cells undergo epithelial to mesenchymal transition in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress. J Biol Chem, 2011

Zaynagetdinov, R, Sherrill, TP, Polosukhin, VV, Han, W, Ausborn, JA, McLoed, AG, McMahon, FB, Gleaves, LA, Degryse, AL, Stathopoulos, GT, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. A critical role for macrophages in promotion of urethane-induced lung carcinogenesis. J Immunol, 187(11), 5703-11, 2011

Zhou, W, Dowell, DR, Geraci, MW, Blackwell, TS, Collins, RD, Polosukhin, VV, Lawson, WE, Wu, P, Sussan, T, Biswal, S, Goleniewska, K, O''Neal, J, Newcomb, DC, Toki, S, Morrow, JD, Peebles, RS. PGI synthase overexpression protects against bleomycin-induced mortality and is associated with increased Nqo 1 expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 301(4), L615-22, 2011 PMCID:3236346

Zoz, DF, Lawson, WE, Blackwell, TS. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a disorder of epithelial cell dysfunction. Am J Med Sci, 341(6), 435-8, 2011

Benjamin, JT, Carver, BJ, Plosa, EJ, Yamamoto, Y, Miller, JD, Liu, JH, van der Meer, R, Blackwell, TS, Prince, LS. NF-kappaB activation limits airway branching through inhibition of Sp1-mediated fibroblast growth factor-10 expression. J Immunol, 185(8), 4896-903, 2010

Connelly, L, Barham, W, Pigg, R, Saint-Jean, L, Sherrill, T, Cheng, DS, Chodosh, LA, Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE. Activation of nuclear factor kappa B in mammary epithelium promotes milk loss during mammary development and infection. J Cell Physiol, 222(1), 73-81, 2010 PMCID:2783968

Crossno, PF, Polosukhin, VV, Blackwell, TS, Johnson, JE, Markin, C, Moore, PE, Worrell, JA, Stahlman, MT, Phillips, JA, Loyd, JE, Cogan, JD, Lawson, WE. Identification of early interstitial lung disease in an individual with genetic variations in ABCA3 and SFTPC. Chest, 137(4), 969-73, 2010

Degryse, AL, Tanjore, H, Xu, XC, Polosukhin, VV, Jones, BR, McMahon, FB, Gleaves, LA, Blackwell, TS, Lawson, WE. Repetitive intratracheal bleomycin models several features of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 299(4), L442-52, 2010 PMCID:2936383

Doris, K, Karabela, SP, Kairi, CA, Simoes, DC, Roussos, C, Zakynthinos, SG, Kalomenidis, I, Blackwell, TS, Stathopoulos, GT. Allergic inflammation does not impact chemical-induced carcinogenesis in the lungs of mice. Respir Res, 11, 118, 2010 PMCID:2936383

Kobayashi, H, Huang, J, Ye, F, Shyr, Y, Blackwell, TS, Lin, PC. Interleukin-32beta propagates vascular inflammation and exacerbates sepsis in a mouse model. PLoS One, 5(3), e9458, 2010 PMCID:2832764

Lee, HJ, Joo, M, Abdolrasulnia, R, Young, DG, Choi, I, Ware, LB, Blackwell, TS, Christman, BW. Peptidylarginine deiminase 2 suppresses inhibitory {kappa}B kinase activity in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. J Biol Chem, 285(51), 39655-62, 2010

Psallidas, I, Karabela, SP, Moschos, C, Sherrill, TP, Kollintza, A, Magkouta, S, Theodoropoulou, P, Roussos, C, Blackwell, TS, Kalomenidis, I, Stathopoulos, GT. Specific effects of bortezomib against experimental malignant pleural effusion: a preclinical study. Mol Cancer, 9, 56, 2010 PMCID:2841124

Psallidas, I., Karabela, S.P., Moschos, C., Sherrill, T.P., Kollintza, A., Magkouta, S., Theodoropoulou, P., Roussos, C., Blackwell, T.S., Kalomenidis, I., Stathopoulos, G.T. . Speficic effects of bortezomib against experimental malignant pleural effusion: a preclinical study.. Mol. Cancer, 9, 56, 2010

Role of NADPH oxidase in host defense against Aspergillus.. Grimm, M.J., Vethanayagam, R.R., Almyroudis, N.G., Lewandowski, D., Rall, N., Blackwell, T.S., Segal, B.H. . Medical Mycology, 2010

Segal, B.H., Han, W., Bushey, J.J., Joo, M., Bhatti, Z., Feminella, J., Dennis, C.G., Vethanayagam, R.R., Yull, F.E., Capitano, M., Wallace, P.K., Minderman, H., Christman, J.W., Sporn, M.B., Chan, J., Vinh, D.C., Holland, S.M., Romani, L.R., Gaffen, S.L., Freeman, M.L., Blackwell, T.S. . NADPH Oxidase Limits Innate Immune Responses in the Lungs in Mice.. PLoS One , 5(3), e9631, 2010

Segal, BH, Han, W, Bushey, JJ, Joo, M, Bhatti, Z, Feminella, J, Dennis, CG, Vethanayagam, RR, Yull, FE, Capitano, M, Wallace, PK, Minderman, H, Christman, JW, Sporn, MB, Chan, J, Vinh, DC, Holland, SM, Romani, LR, Gaffen, SL, Freeman, ML, Blackwell, TS. NADPH oxidase limits innate immune responses in the lungs in mice. PLoS One, 5(3), e9631, 2010 PMCID:2838778

Stathopoulos, G.T., Sherrill, T.P., Karabela, S.P., Goleniewska, K., Kalomenidis, I., Roussos, C., Fingleton, B., Yull, F.E., Peebles, R.S., Blackwell, T.S. . Host-derived interleukin-5 promotes adenocarcinoma-induced malignant pleural effusion.. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2010

Stathopoulos, GT, Sherrill, TP, Karabela, SP, Goleniewska, K, Kalomenidis, I, Roussos, C, Fingleton, B, Yull, FE, Peebles, RS, Blackwell, TS. Host-derived interleukin-5 promotes adenocarcinoma-induced malignant pleural effusion. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 182(10), 1273-81, 2010 PMCID:2936383

Williams, B.J., Du, R.-H., Calcull, W., Abdolrasulnia, R., Christman, B.W., Blackwell, T.S.. Discovery of an operon that participates in agmatine metabolism and regulates biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.. Mol. Microbiol, 2010

Williams, BJ, Dehnbostel, J, Blackwell, TS. Pseudomonas aeruginosa: host defence in lung diseases. Respirology, 15(7), 1037-56, 2010 PMCID:2936383

Bastarache, JA, Blackwell, TS. Development of animal models for the acute respiratory distress syndrome. Dis Model Mech, 2(5-6), 218-23, 2009 PMCID:2675821

Boomershine, CS, Chamberlain, A, Kendall, P, Afshar-Sharif, AR, Huang, H, Washington, MK, Lawson, WE, Thomas, JW, Blackwell, TS, Bhowmick, NA. Autoimmune pancreatitis results from loss of TGFbeta signalling in S100A4-positive dendritic cells. Gut, 58(9), 1267-74, 2009 PMCID:2719085

Han, W, Joo, M, Everhart, MB, Christman, JW, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. Myeloid cells control termination of lung inflammation through the NF-kappaB pathway. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 296(3), L320-7, 2009 PMCID:2660215

Ma, LL, Gao, X, Liu, L, Xiang, Z, Blackwell, TS, Williams, P, Chari, RS, Yin, DP. CpG oligodeoxynucleotide triggers the liver inflammatory reaction and abrogates spontaneous tolerance. Liver Transpl, 15(8), 915-23, 2009 PMCID:2817947

Sadagopal, S, Braunstein, M, Hager, CC, Wei, J, Daniel, AK, Bochan, MR, Crozier, I, Smith, NE, Gates, HO, Barnett, L, Van Kaer, L, Price, JO, Blackwell, TS, Kalams, SA, Kernodle, DS. Reducing the activity and secretion of microbial antioxidants enhances the immunogenicity of BCG. PLoS One, 4(5), e5531, 2009 PMCID:2677452

Sheller, JR, Polosukhin, VV, Mitchell, D, Cheng, DS, Peebles, RS, Blackwell, TS. Nuclear factor kappa B induction in airway epithelium increases lung inflammation in allergen-challenged mice. Exp Lung Res, 35(10), 883-95, 2009 PMCID:2832764

Tanjore, H, Xu, XC, Polosukhin, VV, Degryse, AL, Li, B, Han, W, Sherrill, TP, Plieth, D, Neilson, EG, Blackwell, TS, Lawson, WE. Contribution of epithelial-derived fibroblasts to bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 180(7), 657-65, 2009 PMCID:2719085

Chen, SM, Cheng, DS, Williams, BJ, Sherrill, TP, Han, W, Chont, M, Saint-Jean, L, Christman, JW, Sadikot, RT, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. The nuclear factor kappa-B pathway in airway epithelium regulates neutrophil recruitment and host defence following Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. Clin Exp Immunol, 153(3), 420-8, 2008 PMCID:2527362

Jin, RJ, Lho, Y, Connelly, L, Wang, Y, Yu, X, Saint Jean, L, Case, TC, Ellwood-Yen, K, Sawyers, CL, Bhowmick, NA, Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE, Matusik, RJ. The nuclear factor-kappaB pathway controls the progression of prostate cancer to androgen-independent growth. Cancer Res, 68(16), 6762-9, 2008 PMCID:2840631

Joo, M, Kwon, M, Azim, AC, Sadikot, RT, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Genetic determination of the role of PU.1 in macrophage gene expression. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 372(1), 97-102, 2008 PMCID:2494535

Lawson, WE, Crossno, PF, Polosukhin, VV, Roldan, J, Cheng, DS, Lane, KB, Blackwell, TR, Xu, C, Markin, C, Ware, LB, Miller, GG, Loyd, JE, Blackwell, TS. Endoplasmic reticulum stress in alveolar epithelial cells is prominent in IPF: association with altered surfactant protein processing and herpesvirus infection. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 294(6), L1119-26, 2008

Lewis, CC, Yang, JY, Huang, X, Banerjee, SK, Blackburn, MR, Baluk, P, McDonald, DM, Blackwell, TS, Nagabhushanam, V, Peters, W, Voehringer, D, Erle, DJ. Disease-specific gene expression profiling in multiple models of lung disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 177(4), 376-87, 2008 PMCID:2258439

Ma, L, Xiang, Z, Sherrill, TP, Wang, L, Blackwell, TS, Williams, P, Chong, A, Chari, R, Yin, DP. Bioluminescence imaging visualizes activation of nuclear factor-kappaB in mouse cardiac transplantation. Transplantation, 85(6), 903-10, 2008 PMCID:2632578

Musiek, ES, Brooks, JD, Joo, M, Brunoldi, E, Porta, A, Zanoni, G, Vidari, G, Blackwell, TS, Montine, TJ, Milne, GL, McLaughlin, B, Morrow, JD. Electrophilic cyclopentenone neuroprostanes are anti-inflammatory mediators formed from the peroxidation of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid. J Biol Chem, 2008 PMCID:2459280

Stathopoulos, GT, Sherrill, TP, Han, W, Sadikot, RT, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS, Fingleton, B. Host nuclear factor-kappaB activation potentiates lung cancer metastasis. Mol Cancer Res, 6(3), 364-71, 2008

Tager, AM, LaCamera, P, Shea, BS, Campanella, GS, Selman, M, Zhao, Z, Polosukhin, V, Wain, J, Karimi-Shah, BA, Kim, ND, Hart, WK, Pardo, A, Blackwell, TS, Xu, Y, Chun, J, Luster, AD. The lysophosphatidic acid receptor LPA1 links pulmonary fibrosis to lung injury by mediating fibroblast recruitment and vascular leak. Nat Med, 14(1), 45-54, 2008

Tager, AM, Lacamera, P, Shea, BS, Campanella, GS, Selman, M, Zhao, Z, Polosukhin, V, Wain, J, Karimi-Shah, BA, Kim, ND, Hart, WK, Poorvu, EC, Brooks, SF, Bercury, SD, Pardo, A, Blackwell, TS, Xu, Y, Chun, J, Luster, AD. The Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor LPA1 Links Pulmonary Fibrosis to Lung Injury by Mediating Fibroblast Recruitment and Vascular Leak. Proc Am Thorac Soc, 5(3), 363, 2008

Cheng, DS, Han, W, Chen, SM, Sherrill, TP, Chont, M, Park, GY, Sheller, JR, Polosukhin, VV, Christman, JW, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. Airway epithelium controls lung inflammation and injury through the NF-kappaB pathway. J Immunol, 178(10), 6504-13, 2007

Connelly, L, Robinson-Benion, C, Chont, M, Saint-Jean, L, Li, H, Polosukhin, VV, Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE. A transgenic model reveals important roles for the NF-kappa B alternative pathway (p100/p52) in mammary development and links to tumorigenesis. J Biol Chem, 282(13), 10028-35, 2007

Glasgow, SC, Ramachandran, S, Blackwell, TS, Mohanakumar, T, Chapman, WC. Interleukin-1beta is the primary initiator of pulmonary inflammation following liver injury in mice. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 293(2), L491-6, 2007

Joo, M, Kwon, M, Sadikot, RT, Kingsley, PJ, Marnett, LJ, Blackwell, TS, Peebles, RS, Urade, Y, Christman, JW. Induction and function of lipocalin prostaglandin D synthase in host immunity. J Immunol, 179(4), 2565-75, 2007

Joo, M, Wright, JG, Hu, NN, Sadikot, RT, Park, GY, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Yin Yang 1 enhances cyclooxygenase-2 gene expression in macrophages. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 292(5), L1219-26, 2007

Kalomenidis, I, Stathopoulos, GT, Barnette, R, Papiris, S, Blackwell, TS, Roussos, C, Light, RW. Vascular endothelial growth factor levels in post-CABG pleural effusions are associated with pleural inflammation and permeability. Respir Med, 101(2), 223-9, 2007

Park, GY, Hu, N, Wang, X, Sadikot, RT, Yull, FE, Joo, M, Stokes Peebles, R, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Conditional regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 in tracheobronchial epithelial cells modulates pulmonary immunity. Clin Exp Immunol, 150(2), 245-54, 2007 PMCID:2219354

Polosukhin, VV, Lawson, WE, Milstone, AP, Egunova, SM, Kulipanov, AG, Tchuvakin, SG, Massion, PP, Blackwell, TS. Association of progressive structural changes in the bronchial epithelium with subepithelial fibrous remodeling: a potential role for hypoxia. Virchows Arch, 451(4), 793-803, 2007

Sadikot, RT, Zeng, H, Azim, AC, Joo, M, Dey, SK, Breyer, RM, Peebles, RS, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Bacterial clearance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is enhanced by the inhibition of COX-2. Eur J Immunol, 37(4), 1001-9, 2007

Stathopoulos, GT, Kollintza, A, Moschos, C, Psallidas, I, Sherrill, TP, Pitsinos, EN, Vassiliou, S, Karatza, M, Papiris, SA, Graf, D, Orphanidou, D, Light, RW, Roussos, C, Blackwell, TS, Kalomenidis, I. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha promotes malignant pleural effusion. Cancer Res, 67(20), 9825-34, 2007

Stathopoulos, GT, Sherrill, TP, Cheng, DS, Scoggins, RM, Han, W, Polosukhin, VV, Connelly, L, Yull, FE, Fingleton, B, Blackwell, TS. Epithelial NF-{kappa}B activation promotes urethane-induced lung carcinogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 104(47), 18514-9, 2007 PMCID:2141808

Stathopoulos, GT, Sherrill, TP, Han, W, Sadikot, RT, Polosukhin, VV, Fingleton, B, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. Use of bioluminescent imaging to investigate the role of nuclear factor-kappaBeta in experimental non-small cell lung cancer metastasis. Clin Exp Metastasis, 2007

Zhang, H, Lawson, WE, Polosukhin, VV, Pozzi, A, Blackwell, TS, Litingtung, Y, Chiang, C. Inhibitor of differentiation 1 promotes endothelial survival in a bleomycin model of lung injury in mice. Am J Pathol, 171(4), 1113-26, 2007 PMCID:1988863

Zhou, W, Blackwell, TS, Goleniewska, K, O'Neal, JF, Fitzgerald, GA, Lucitt, M, Breyer, RM, Peebles, RS. Prostaglandin I2 analogs inhibit Th1 and Th2 effector cytokine production by CD4 T cells. J Leukoc Biol, 81(3), 809-17, 2007

Zhou, W, Hashimoto, K, Goleniewska, K, O'Neal, JF, Ji, S, Blackwell, TS, Fitzgerald, GA, Egan, KM, Geraci, MW, Peebles, RS. Prostaglandin I2 analogs inhibit proinflammatory cytokine production and T cell stimulatory function of dendritic cells. J Immunol, 178(2), 702-10, 2007

Chen, JX, Zeng, H, Lawrence, ML, Blackwell, TS, Meyrick, B. Angiopoietin-1-induced angiogenesis is modulated by endothelial NADPH oxidase. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 291(4), H1563-72, 2006

Dieperink, HI, Blackwell, TS, Prince, LS. Hyperoxia and apoptosis in developing mouse lung mesenchyme. Pediatr Res, 59(2), 185-90, 2006

Everhart, MB, Han, W, Sherrill, TP, Arutiunov, M, Polosukhin, VV, Burke, JR, Sadikot, RT, Christman, JW, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS. Duration and intensity of NF-kappaB activity determine the severity of endotoxin-induced acute lung injury. J Immunol, 176(8), 4995-5005, 2006

Gray, KD, Simovic, MO, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, May, AK, Parman, KS, Chapman, WC, Stain, SC. Activation of nuclear factor kappa B and severe hepatic necrosis may mediate systemic inflammation in choline-deficient/ethionine-supplemented diet-induced pancreatitis. Pancreas, 33(3), 260-7, 2006

Maus, UA, Janzen, S, Wall, G, Srivastava, M, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Seeger, W, Welte, T, Lohmeyer, J. Resident alveolar macrophages are replaced by recruited monocytes in response to endotoxin-induced lung inflammation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 35(2), 227-35, 2006

Park, GY, Wang, X, Hu, N, Pedchenko, TV, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. NIK is involved in nucleosomal regulation by enhancing histone H3 phosphorylation by IKKalpha. J Biol Chem, 281(27), 18684-90, 2006

Sadikot, RT, Zeng, H, Joo, M, Everhart, MB, Sherrill, TP, Li, B, Cheng, DS, Yull, FE, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. Targeted immunomodulation of the NF-kappaB pathway in airway epithelium impacts host defense against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Immunol, 176(8), 4923-30, 2006

Stafforini, DM, Sheller, JR, Blackwell, TS, Sapirstein, A, Yull, FE, McIntyre, TM, Bonventre, JV, Prescott, SM, Roberts, LJ. Release of free F2-isoprostanes from esterified phospholipids is catalyzed by intracellular and plasma platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolases. J Biol Chem, 281(8), 4616-23, 2006

Stathopoulos, GT, Zhu, Z, Everhart, MB, Kalomenidis, I, Lawson, WE, Bilaceroglu, S, Peterson, TE, Mitchell, D, Yull, FE, Light, RW, Blackwell, TS. Nuclear factor-kappaB affects tumor progression in a mouse model of malignant pleural effusion. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 34(2), 142-50, 2006 PMCID:2644178

Cheng, Q, Zhao, Y, Lawson, WE, Polosukhin, VV, Johnson, JE, Blackwell, TS, Gailani, D. The effects of intrinsic pathway protease deficiencies on plasminogen deficient mice. Blood, 2005 PMCID:1895339

Everhart, MB, Han, W, Parman, KS, Polosukhin, VV, Zeng, H, Sadikot, RT, Li, B, Yull, FE, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. Intratracheal administration of liposomal clodronate accelerates alveolar macrophage reconstitution following fetal liver transplantation. J Leukoc Biol, 77(2), 173-80, 2005

Joo, M, Hahn, YS, Kwon, M, Sadikot, RT, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Hepatitis C virus core protein suppresses NF-kappaB activation and cyclooxygenase-2 expression by direct interaction with IkappaB kinase beta. J Virol, 79(12), 7648-57, 2005 PMCID:1143634

Kalomenidis, I, Stathopoulos, GT, Barnette, R, Guo, Y, Peebles, RS, Blackwell, TS, Light, RW. Eotaxin-3 and interleukin-5 pleural fluid levels are associated with pleural fluid eosinophilia in post-coronary artery bypass grafting pleural effusions. Chest, 127(6), 2094-100, 2005

Lawson, WE, Polosukhin, VV, Stathopoulos, GT, Zoia, O, Han, W, Lane, KB, Li, B, Donnelly, EF, Holburn, GE, Lewis, KG, Collins, RD, Hull, WM, Glasser, SW, Whitsett, JA, Blackwell, TS. Increased and prolonged pulmonary fibrosis in surfactant protein C-deficient mice following intratracheal bleomycin. Am J Pathol, 167(5), 1267-77, 2005 PMCID:1603790

Lawson, WE, Polosukhin, VV, Zoia, O, Stathopoulos, GT, Han, W, Plieth, D, Loyd, JE, Neilson, EG, Blackwell, TS. Characterization of Fibroblast-specific Protein 1 in Pulmonary Fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 171(8), 899-907, 2005

Maus, UA, Wellmann, S, Hampl, C, Kuziel, WA, Srivastava, M, Mack, M, Everhart, MB, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Schl??ndorff, D, Bohle, RM, Seeger, W, Lohmeyer, J. CCR2-positive monocytes recruited to inflamed lungs downregulate local CCL2 chemokine levels. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 288(2), L350-8, 2005

Musiek, ES, Gao, L, Milne, GL, Han, W, Everhart, MB, Wang, D, Backlund, MG, DuBois, RN, Zanoni, G, Vidari, G, Blackwell, TS, Morrow, JD. Cyclopentenone isoprostanes inhibit the inflammatory response in macrophages. J Biol Chem, 280(42), 35562-70, 2005

O'Donnell, SM, Hansberger, MW, Connolly, JL, Chappell, JD, Watson, MJ, Pierce, JM, Wetzel, JD, Han, W, Barton, ES, Forrest, JC, Valyi-Nagy, T, Yull, FE, Blackwell, TS, Rottman, JN, Sherry, B, Dermody, TS. Organ-specific roles for transcription factor NF-kappaB in reovirus-induced apoptosis and disease. J Clin Invest, 115(9), 2341-50, 2005 PMCID:1184036

Pedchenko, TV, Park, GY, Joo, M, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Inducible binding of PU.1 and interacting proteins to the Toll-like receptor 4 promoter during endotoxemia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 289(3), L429-37, 2005

Polosukhin, VV, Stathopoulos, GT, Lawson, WE, Blackwell, TS. Variability of interalveolar septal remodeling after bleomycin treatment in mice. Ultrastruct Pathol, 29(1), 53-64, 2005

Sadikot, RT, Blackwell, TS. Bioluminescence imaging. Proc Am Thorac Soc, 2(6), 537-40, 511-2, 2005 PMCID:2713342

Sadikot, RT, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Prince, AS. Pathogen-host interactions in Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 171(11), 1209-23, 2005 PMCID:2718459

Joo, M, Park, GY, Wright, JG, Blackwell, TS, Atchison, ML, Christman, JW. Transcriptional regulation of the cyclooxygenase-2 gene in macrophages by PU.1. J Biol Chem, 279(8), 6658-65, 2004

Lawson, WE, Grant, SW, Ambrosini, V, Womble, KE, Dawson, EP, Lane, KB, Markin, C, Renzoni, E, Lympany, P, Thomas, AQ, Roldan, J, Scott, TA, Blackwell, TS, Phillips, JA, Loyd, JE, du Bois, RM. Genetic mutations in surfactant protein C are a rare cause of sporadic cases of IPF. Thorax, 59(11), 977-80, 2004 PMCID:1746860

Maus, UA, Srivastava, M, Paton, JC, Mack, M, Everhart, MB, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Schl??ndorff, D, Seeger, W, Lohmeyer, J. Pneumolysin-induced lung injury is independent of leukocyte trafficking into the alveolar space. J Immunol, 173(2), 1307-12, 2004

Park, GY, Joo, M, Pedchenko, T, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Regulation of macrophage cyclooxygenase-2 gene expression by modifications of histone H3. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 286(5), L956-62, 2004

Sadikot, RT, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. Molecular targets for modulating lung inflammation and injury. Curr Drug Targets, 5(6), 581-8, 2004

Sadikot, RT, Zeng, H, Yull, FE, Li, B, Cheng, DS, Kernodle, DS, Jansen, ED, Contag, CH, Segal, BH, Holland, SM, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. p47phox deficiency impairs NF-kappa B activation and host defense in Pseudomonas pneumonia. J Immunol, 172(3), 1801-8, 2004

Tager, AM, Kradin, RL, LaCamera, P, Bercury, SD, Campanella, GS, Leary, CP, Polosukhin, V, Zhao, LH, Sakamoto, H, Blackwell, TS, Luster, AD. Inhibition of pulmonary fibrosis by the chemokine IP-10/CXCL10. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 31(4), 395-404, 2004

Gray, KD, Simovic, MO, Chapman, WC, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, May, AK, Parman, KS, Stain, SC. Endotoxin potentiates lung injury in cerulein-induced pancreatitis. Am J Surg, 186(5), 526-30, 2003

Gray, KD, Simovic, MO, Chapman, WC, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Washington, MK, Yull, FE, Jaffal, N, Jansen, ED, Gautman, S, Stain, SC. Systemic nf-kappaB activation in a transgenic mouse model of acute pancreatitis. J Surg Res, 110(1), 310-4, 2003

Kalomenidis, I, Lane, K, Blackwell, TS, Guo, Y, Light, RW. Mice are resistant to the induction of a pleurodesis. Chest, 124(6), 2407-8, 2003

Lee, YC, Lane, KB, Zoia, O, Thompson, PJ, Light, RW, Blackwell, TS. Transforming growth factor-beta induces collagen synthesis without inducing IL-8 production in mesothelial cells. Eur Respir J, 22(2), 197-202, 2003

Maus, UA, Waelsch, K, Kuziel, WA, Delbeck, T, Mack, M, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Schl??ndorff, D, Seeger, W, Lohmeyer, J. Monocytes are potent facilitators of alveolar neutrophil emigration during lung inflammation: role of the CCL2-CCR2 axis. J Immunol, 170(6), 3273-8, 2003

Sadikot, RT, Han, W, Everhart, MB, Zoia, O, Peebles, RS, Jansen, ED, Yull, FE, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. Selective I kappa B kinase expression in airway epithelium generates neutrophilic lung inflammation. J Immunol, 170(2), 1091-8, 2003

Yull, FE, Han, W, Jansen, ED, Everhart, MB, Sadikot, RT, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. Bioluminescent detection of endotoxin effects on HIV-1 LTR-driven transcription in vivo. J Histochem Cytochem, 51(6), 741-9, 2003

Koay, M.A., Gao, X., Washington, M.K., Blackwell, T.S., Christman, J.W. Macrophages are necessary for maximal NF- B activation and generation of lung inflammation in response to inhaled and systemic endotoxin. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 26, 572-578, 2002

Koay, MA, Christman, JW, Wudel, LJ, Allos, T, Cheng, DS, Chapman, WC, Blackwell, TS. Modulation of endotoxin-induced NF-kappa B activation in lung and liver through TNF type 1 and IL-1 receptors. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 283(6), L1247-54, 2002

Koay, MA, Gao, X, Washington, MK, Parman, KS, Sadikot, RT, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Macrophages are necessary for maximal nuclear factor-kappa B activation in response to endotoxin. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 26(5), 572-8, 2002

Maus, UA, Koay, MA, Delbeck, T, Mack, M, Ermert, M, Ermert, L, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Schl??ndorff, D, Seeger, W, Lohmeyer, J. Role of resident alveolar macrophages in leukocyte traffic into the alveolar air space of intact mice. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 282(6), L1245-52, 2002

Sadikot, RT, Wudel, LJ, Jansen, DE, Debelak, JP, Yull, FE, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS, Chapman, WC. Hepatic cryoablation-induced multisystem injury: bioluminescent detection of NF-kappaB activation in a transgenic mouse model. J Gastrointest Surg, 6(2), 264-70, 2002

Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Defining the lung''s response to endotoxin. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 163(7), 1516-7, 2001

Blackwell, TS, Stecenko, AA, Christman, JW. Dysregulated NF-kappaB activation in cystic fibrosis: evidence for a primary inflammatory disorder. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol, 281(1), L69-70, 2001

Curran, CL, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. NF-kappaB: a therapeutic target in inflammatory diseases. Expert Opin Ther Targets, 5(2), 197-204, 2001

Koay, A., Christman, J.W., Segal, B.H., Venkatakrishnan, A., Blackwell, T.R., Holland, S.M., Blackwell, T.S. Impaired pulmonary NF- B activation in response to lipopolysaccharide in NADPH oxidase-deficient mice. Infection and Immunity(69), 5991-5996, 2001

Koay, MA, Christman, JW, Segal, BH, Venkatakrishnan, A, Blackwell, TR, Holland, SM, Blackwell, TS. Impaired pulmonary NF-kappaB activation in response to lipopolysaccharide in NADPH oxidase-deficient mice. Infect Immun, 69(10), 5991-6, 2001 PMCID:98726

Lancaster, LH, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TR, Koay, MA, Blackwell, TS. Suppression of lung inflammation in rats by prevention of NF-kappaB activation in the liver. Inflammation, 25(1), 25-31, 2001

Sadikot, R.T., Jansen, E.D., Blackwell, T.R., Zoia, O., Yull, F.E., Christman, J.W., Blackwell, T.S. High dose dexamethasone accentuates NF- B activation in endotoxin-treated mice. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.(164), 873-878, 2001

Sadikot, RT, Jansen, ED, Blackwell, TR, Zoia, O, Yull, F, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. High-dose dexamethasone accentuates nuclear factor-kappa b activation in endotoxin-treated mice. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 164(5), 873-8, 2001

Stecenko, AA, King, G, Torii, K, Breyer, RM, Dworski, R, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Brigham, KL. Dysregulated cytokine production in human cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelial cells. Inflammation, 25(3), 145-55, 2001

Blackwell, T.S., Yull, F.E., Chen, C-L., Venkatakrishnan, A., Blackwell, T.R., Hicks, D.J., Lancaster, L.H., Christman, J.W., Kerr, L.D. Multi-organ NF- B activation in a transgenic mouse model of systemic inflammation. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. , 162, 1095-1101, 2000

Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW, Hagan, T, Price, P, Edens, T, Morris, PE, Wolff, SN, Goodman, SA, Christman, BW. Oxidative stress and NF-kappaB activation: correlation in patients following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Antioxid Redox Signal, 2(1), 93-102, 2000

Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE, Chen, CL, Venkatakrishnan, A, Blackwell, TR, Hicks, DJ, Lancaster, LH, Christman, JW, Kerr, LD. Multiorgan nuclear factor kappa B activation in a transgenic mouse model of systemic inflammation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 162(3 Pt 1), 1095-101, 2000

Chapman, WC, Debelak, JP, Blackwell, TS, Gainer, KA, Christman, JW, Pinson, CW, Brigham, KL, Parker, RE. Hepatic cryoablation-induced acute lung injury: pulmonary hemodynamic and permeability effects in a sheep model. Arch Surg, 135(6), 667-72; discussion 672-3, 2000

Chapman, WC, Debelak, JP, Wright Pinson, C, Washington, MK, Atkinson, JB, Venkatakrishnan, A, Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Hepatic cryoablation, but not radiofrequency ablation, results in lung inflammation. Ann Surg, 231(5), 752-61, 2000 PMCID:1421063

Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS, Juurlink, BH. Redox regulation of nuclear factor kappa B: therapeutic potential for attenuating inflammatory responses. Brain Pathol, 10(1), 153-62, 2000

Christman, JW, Sadikot, RT, Blackwell, TS. The role of nuclear factor-kappa B in pulmonary diseases. Chest, 117(5), 1482-7, 2000

Sadikot, RT, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. Chemokines and chemokine receptors in pulmonary diseases. Curr Opin Investig Drugs, 1(3), 314-20, 2000

Venkatakrishnan A., King G., Stecenko A.A., Blackwell T.R., Brigham K.L., Christman J.W., and Blackwell T.S. Exaggerated activation of NF- B and altered I B- processing in cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelial cells. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 23, 396-403, 2000

Venkatakrishnan, A, Stecenko, AA, King, G, Blackwell, TR, Brigham, KL, Christman, JW, Blackwell, TS. Exaggerated activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and altered IkappaB-beta processing in cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelial cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 23(3), 396-403, 2000

Blackwell, T.S., Debelak, J.P., Venkatakrishnan, A., Schot, D.J., Harley, D.H., Pinson, C.W., Williams, P., Washington, K., Christman, J.W., Chapman, W.C. Acute lung injury after hepatic cryoablation: correlation with NF- B activation and cytokine production. Surgery, 126, 518-526, 1999

Blackwell, T.S., Lancaster, L.H., Blackwell, T.R., Venkatakrishnan, A., Christman, J.W. Chemotactic gradients predict neutrophilic alveolitis in endotoxin treated rats. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 159, 1644-1652, 1999

Blackwell, T.S., Lancaster, L.H., Blackwell, T.R., Venkatakrishnan, A., Christman, J.W. Differential NF- B activation after intratracheal endotoxin: correlation with cytokine gene expression and neutrophilic alveolitis. Am. J. Physiol, 277, L823-L830, 1999

Blackwell, TS, Debelak, JP, Venkatakrishnan, A, Schot, DJ, Harley, DH, Pinson, CW, Williams, P, Washington, K, Christman, JW, Chapman, WC. Acute lung injury after hepatic cryoablation: correlation with NF-kappa B activation and cytokine production. Surgery, 126(3), 518-26, 1999

Blackwell, TS, Lancaster, LH, Blackwell, TR, Venkatakrishnan, A, Christman, JW. Differential NF-kappaB activation after intratracheal endotoxin. Am J Physiol, 277(4 Pt 1), L823-30, 1999

Blackwell, TS, Lancaster, LH, Blackwell, TR, Venkatakrishnan, A, Christman, JW. Chemotactic gradients predict neutrophilic alveolitis in endotoxin-treated rats. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 159(5 Pt 1), 1644-52, 1999

Blackwell, TS, Yull, FE, Chen, CL, Venkatakrishnan, A, Blackwell, TR, Hicks, DJ, Lancaster, LH, Christman, JW, Kerr, LD. Use of genetically altered mice to investigate the role of nuclear factor-kappa B activation and cytokine gene expression in sepsis-induced ARDS. Chest, 116(1 Suppl), 73S-74S, 1999

Christman, JW, Lancaster, LH, Blackwell, TS. Nuclear factor kappa B: a pivotal role in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome and new target for therapy. Intensive Care Med, 24(11), 1131-8, 1998

Blackwell, TS, Blackwell, TR, Christman, JW. Induction of endotoxin tolerance depletes nuclear factor-kappaB and suppresses its activation in rat alveolar macrophages. J Leukoc Biol, 62(6), 885-91, 1997

Blackwell, TS, Blackwell, TR, Christman, JW. Impaired activation of nuclear factor-kappaB in endotoxin-tolerant rats is associated with down-regulation of chemokine gene expression and inhibition of neutrophilic lung inflammation. J Immunol, 158(12), 5934-40, 1997

Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. The role of nuclear factor-kappa B in cytokine gene regulation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 17(1), 3-9, 1997

Blackwell, TS, Blackwell, TR, Holden, EP, Christman, BW, Christman, JW. In vivo antioxidant treatment suppresses nuclear factor-kappa B activation and neutrophilic lung inflammation. J Immunol, 157(4), 1630-7, 1996

Blackwell, TS, Christman, JW. Sepsis and cytokines: current status. Br J Anaesth, 77(1), 110-7, 1996

Blackwell, TS, Gossage, JR. Gold pulmonary toxicity in a patient with a normal chest radiograph. South Med J, 88(6), 644-6, 1995

Christman, JW, Holden, EP, Blackwell, TS. Strategies for blocking the systemic effects of cytokines in the sepsis syndrome. Crit Care Med, 23(5), 955-63, 1995

Blackwell, TS, Holden, EP, Blackwell, TR, DeLarco, JE, Christman, JW. Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant mediates neutrophilic alveolitis in rats: association with nuclear factor kappa B activation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 11(4), 464-72, 1994


Postdoctoral Position Available
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Postdoctoral Position Details
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Updated Date
07/10/2012