Biomedical Research Education & Training
Faculty Member

Freeman, Michael L., Ph.D.
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Professor of Cancer Biology
Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences

Lab Url: N/A

Phone Number: 3606

Email Address: michael.freeman@vanderbilt.edu

Freeman, Michael's picture
Academic history
B.S., Colorado State U. Fort Collins CO
Ph.D., Colorado State U. Fort Collins CO

Office Address   Mailing Address

SS-1407 MCN

1161 21st Avenue, South MCN CCC-1121 37232-2675


Research Keywords
Drug Discovery/Radiation Sensitizers, Development of novel compounds that target tumor angiogenesis, Nrf2/Keap1 in cancer and inflammation, Smad-mediated transcription in cancer.

Research Description
The Freeman laboratory focuses on two aspects of cancer drug development: 1) Development of efficacious sensitizers of ionizing radiation . 2-Indol-3-yl-methylenequinuclidin-3-ols are being used as the basis for development of novel radiation sensitizers. Defined DNA substrates, cell and animals models are used in the approach to design specific sensitizers. 2) Providing a rationale basis for development of chemoprevention agents. Expression of the genes that encode Phase II detoxification proteins is regulated by the transcription factor Nrf2,which itself is negatively regulated by association to the Cul-3 ubiquitin ligase adaptor protein Keap1. Proteomics, biochemical, biophysical and genetic approaches are used to determine if Keap1's activity is regulated by multiple Cys residues that exhibit differential chemical reactivity, allowing integration of different chemical input signals.


Publications
Rachakonda, G, Sekhar, KR, Jowhar, D, Samson, PC, Wikswo, JP, Beauchamp, RD, Datta, PK, Freeman, ML. Increased cell migration and plasticity in Nrf2-deficient cancer cell lines. Oncogene, 29(25), 3703-14, 2010

Reddy, YT, Sekhar, KR, Sasi, N, Reddy, PN, Freeman, ML, Crooks, PA. Novel substituted (Z)-5-((N-benzyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene)imidazolidine-2,4-diones and 5-((N-benzyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene)pyrimidine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-triones as potent radio-sensitizing agents. Bioorg Med Chem Lett, 20(2), 600-2, 2010

Segal, BH, Han, W, Bushey, JJ, Joo, M, Bhatti, Z, Feminella, J, Dennis, CG, Vethanayagam, RR, Yull, FE, Capitano, M, Wallace, PK, Minderman, H, Christman, JW, Sporn, MB, Chan, J, Vinh, DC, Holland, SM, Romani, LR, Gaffen, SL, Freeman, ML, Blackwell, TS. NADPH oxidase limits innate immune responses in the lungs in mice. PLoS One, 5(3), e9631, 2010 PMCID:2838778

Sekhar, KR, Rachakonda, G, Freeman, ML. Cysteine-based regulation of the CUL3 adaptor protein Keap1. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 244(1), 21-6, 2010

Geng, L, Rachakonda, G, Morr??, DJ, Morr??, DM, Crooks, PA, Sonar, VN, Roti Roti, JL, Rogers, BE, Greco, S, Ye, F, Salleng, KJ, Sasi, S, Freeman, ML, Sekhar, KR. Indolyl-quinuclidinols inhibit ENOX activity and endothelial cell morphogenesis while enhancing radiation-mediated control of tumor vasculature. FASEB J, 2009

Brown, SL, Sekhar, KR, Rachakonda, G, Sasi, S, Freeman, ML. Activating transcription factor 3 is a novel repressor of the nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-regulated stress pathway. Cancer Res, 68(2), 364-8, 2008

Burk, RF, Hill, KE, Nakayama, A, Mostert, V, Levander, XA, Motley, AK, Johnson, DA, Johnson, JA, Freeman, ML, Austin, LM. Selenium deficiency activates mouse liver Nrf2-ARE but vitamin E deficiency does not. Free Radic Biol Med, 44(8), 1617-23, 2008 PMCID:2346531

Fukuyo, Y, Inoue, M, Nakajima, T, Higashikubo, R, Horikoshi, NT, Hunt, C, Usheva, A, Freeman, ML, Horikoshi, N. Oxidative stress plays a critical role in inactivating mutant BRAF by geldanamycin derivatives. Cancer Res, 68(15), 6324-30, 2008 PMCID:2693332

Rachakonda, G, Xiong, Y, Sekhar, KR, Stamer, SL, Liebler, DC, Freeman, ML. Covalent modification at Cys151 dissociates the electrophile sensor Keap1 from the ubiquitin ligase CUL3. Chem Res Toxicol, 21(3), 705-10, 2008

Al-Ghananeem, AM, Albayati, ZF, Malkawi, A, Sonar, VN, Freeman, ML, Crooks, PA. A pharmacokinetic study on Z-(+/-)-2-(1-benzylindole-3-yl-methylene)azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane-3-ol; a novel radio-sensitization agent. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol, 2007

Biswas, S, Guix, M, Rinehart, C, Dugger, TC, Chytil, A, Moses, HL, Freeman, ML, Arteaga, CL. Inhibition of TGF-beta with neutralizing antibodies prevents radiation-induced acceleration of metastatic cancer progression. J Clin Invest, 117(5), 1305-13, 2007 PMCID:1838926

Brunoldi, EM, Zanoni, G, Vidari, G, Sasi, S, Freeman, ML, Milne, GL, Morrow, JD. Cyclopentenone prostaglandin, 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-PGJ2, is metabolized by HepG2 cells via conjugation with glutathione. Chem Res Toxicol, 20(10), 1528-35, 2007

Freeman, ML. A commentary on "Lack of extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) in the microenvironment impacts radiation-induced changes in neurogenesis". Free Radic Biol Med, 42(8), 1131-2, 2007

Gao, L, Wang, J, Sekhar, KR, Yin, H, Yared, NF, Schneider, SN, Sasi, S, Dalton, TP, Anderson, ME, Chan, JY, Morrow, JD, Freeman, ML. Novel n-3 fatty acid oxidation products activate Nrf2 by destabilizing the association between Keap1 and Cullin3. J Biol Chem, 282(4), 2529-37, 2007

Pi, J, Bai, Y, Reece, JM, Williams, J, Liu, D, Freeman, ML, Fahl, WE, Shugar, D, Liu, J, Qu, W, Collins, S, Waalkes, MP. Molecular mechanism of human Nrf2 activation and degradation: Role of sequential phosphorylation by protein kinase CK2. Free Radic Biol Med, 42(12), 1797-806, 2007 PMCID:1950666

Sekhar, KR, Sonar, VN, Muthusamy, V, Sasi, S, Laszlo, A, Sawani, J, Horikoshi, N, Higashikubo, R, Bristow, RG, Borrelli, MJ, Crooks, PA, Lepock, JR, Roti Roti, JL, Freeman, ML. Novel chemical enhancers of heat shock increase thermal radiosensitization through a mitotic catastrophe pathway. Cancer Res, 67(2), 695-701, 2007

Sonar, VN, Thirupathi Reddy, Y, Sekhar, KR, Sasi, S, Freeman, ML, Crooks, PA. Novel substituted (Z)-2-(N-benzylindol-3-ylmethylene)quinuclidin-3-one and (Z)-(+/-)-2-(N-benzylindol-3-ylmethylene)quinuclidin-3-ol derivatives as potent thermal sensitizing agents. Bioorg Med Chem Lett, 17(24), 6821-4, 2007

Stacy, DR, Ely, K, Massion, PP, Yarbrough, WG, Hallahan, DE, Sekhar, KR, Freeman, ML. Increased expression of nuclear factor E2 p45-related factor 2 (NRF2) in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. Head Neck, 28(9), 813-8, 2006

Andrei V. Bakin, Konjeti R. Sekhar, Cammie Rinehart, Xuexian Yan, Michael J. Meredith, Carlos L. Arteaga, and Michael L. Freeman. . Smad3-ATF3 signaling mediates TGF-b suppression of genes encoding Phase II detoxifying proteins. . Free Radical Biology & Medicine., 38, 375-387, 2005

Bakin, AV, Stourman, NV, Sekhar, KR, Rinehart, C, Yan, X, Meredith, MJ, Arteaga, CL, Freeman, ML. Smad3-ATF3 signaling mediates TGF-beta suppression of genes encoding Phase II detoxifying proteins. Free Radic Biol Med, 38(3), 375-87, 2005

Cao, C, Shinohara, ET, Li, H, Niermann, KJ, Kim, KW, Sekhar, KR, Gleave, M, Freeman, M, Lu, B. Clusterin as a therapeutic target for radiation sensitization in a lung cancer model. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 63(4), 1228-36, 2005

Hong, F, Freeman, ML, Liebler DC. Identification of sensor cysteines in human Keap1 modified by the cancer chemopreventive agent sulforaphane. . Chem Res. Toxicol, 19, 1917-1926, 2005

Hong, F, Sekhar, KR, Freeman, ML, Liebler, DC. Specific patterns of electrophile adduction trigger keap1 ubiquitination and NRF2 activation. J Biol Chem, 2005

Ginger L. Milne, Guiseppe Zanoni, Soumya Sasi, Giovanni Vidari, Erik S. Musiek, Michael L. Freeman, and Jason D. Morrow. The Cyclopentenone Product of Lipid Peroxidation, 15-A2t-Isoprostane, is Efficiently Metabolized by HepG2 Cells Via Conjugation with Glutathione. Chem Res. Tox. 17: 17-25, 2004.. Chem Res., 17, 17-25, 2004

Lu B, Mu Y, Cao C, Zeng F, Schneider S, Tan J, Price J, Chen J, Freeman M, Hallahan DE.. Survivin as a therapeutic target for radiation sensitization in lung cancer. . Cancer Res., 64, 2840-2845, 2004

Milne, Ginger L, Zanoni, Giuseppe, Porta, Alessio, Sasi, Soumya, Vidari, Giovanni, Musiek, Erik S, Freeman, Michael L, Morrow, Jason D. The cyclopentenone product of lipid peroxidation, 15-A2t-isoprostane, is efficiently metabolized by HepG2 cells via conjugation with glutathione. Chem Res Toxicol, 17(1), 17-25, 2004

KR. Sekhar, DR. Spitz, S Harris, TT. Nguyen, M J. Meredith, JT. Holt, D Guis, LJ. Marnett, ML. Summar and ML. Freeman. Redox Sensitive Interaction Between KIAA0132 and Nrf2 Mediates Indomethacin-Induced Expression of gamma-Glutamylcysteine Synthetase. Free Radic Biol Med. 2002 Apr 1;32(7):650-62.

Saha, D., Sekhar, KR, Cao C, Morrow, JD, Choy, H, and Freeman, ML. . The antiangiogenic agent SU5416 downregulates phorbol ester-mediated induction of cyclooxygenase-2 expression by inhibiting NADPH Oxidase activity. . Cancer Res, 63, 6920-6927, 2003

Saha, Debabrata, Sekhar, Konjeti R, Cao, Carolyn, Morrow, Jason D, Choy, Hak, Freeman, Michael L. The antiangiogenic agent SU5416 down-regulates phorbol ester-mediated induction of cyclooxygenase 2 expression by inhibiting nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity. Cancer Res, 63(20), 6920-7, 2003

Sekhar KR, Crooks PA, Sonar VN, Friedman DB, Chan JY, Meredith MJ, Starnes JH, Kelton KR, Summar SR, Sasi S, and Freeman ML.. NADPH Oxidase Activity is Essential for Keap1/ Nrf2-Mediated Induction of GCLC in Response to 2-Indol-3-yl-methylenequinuclidin-3-ols. . Cancer Res, 63, 5636-5645, 2003

Sekhar KR, Crooks PA, Sonar VN, Friedman DB, Chan JY, Meredith MJ, Starnes JH, Kelton KR, Summar SR, Sasi S, and Freeman ML.. NADPH Oxidase Activity is Essential for Keap1/ Nrf2-Mediated Induction of GCLC in Response to 2-Indol-3-yl-methylenequinuclidin-3-ols. . Cancer Res, 63, 5636-5645, 2003

Sekhar, Konjeti R, Crooks, Peter A, Sonar, Vijayakumar N, Friedman, David B, Chan, Jeff Y, Meredith, Michael J, Starnes, Joseph H, Kelton, Kathy R, Summar, Samantha R, Sasi, Soumya, Freeman, Michael L. NADPH oxidase activity is essential for Keap1/Nrf2-mediated induction of GCLC in response to 2-indol-3-yl-methylenequinuclidin-3-ols. Cancer Res, 63(17), 5636-45, 2003

Willis AS, Freeman ML, Summar SR, Williams SM, Dawson E, and Summar ML.. Ethnic specific changes in a critical gene responsible for glutathione synthesis. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 34: 72-76, 2003.. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 34, 72-76, 2003

Willis AS, Freeman ML, Summar SR, Williams SM, Dawson E, and Summar ML. . Ethnic specific changes in a critical gene responsible for glutathione synthesis. . Free Radical Biology and Medicine., 34, 72-76, 2003

Willis, Alecia S, Freeman, Michael L, Summar, Samantha R, Barr, Frederick E, Williams, Scott M, Dawson, Elliott, Summar, Marshall L. Ethnic diversity in a critical gene responsible for glutathione synthesis. Free Radic Biol Med, 34(1), 72-6, 2003

Senisterra GA, Frey HE, Freeman ML, Borrelli MJ, and Lepock JR, Protein Destabilization and Denaturation: Implications for Hyperthermia and the Heat Shock Response. Recent Research Developments in Biochemistry In Press.

Sekhar KR, Spitz DR, Harris s, Nguyen TT, Meredith MJ, Holt JT, Gius D, Marnett LJ, Summar ML, and Freeman ML.. Redox sensitivie interaction between KIAA0132 and Nrf2 mediates indomethacin ?induced expression of g-glutamylcysteine synthetase. . Free Radical Biology and Medicine. , 32, 650-662, 2002

Sekhar KR, Spitz DR, Harris s, Nguyen TT, Meredith MJ, Holt JT, Gius D, Marnett LJ, Summar ML, and Freeman ML. . Redox sensitivie interaction between KIAA0132 and Nrf2 mediates indomethacin ?induced expression of g-glutamylcysteine synthetase. . Free Radical Biology and Medicine. , 32, 650-662, 2002

Sekhar KR, Yan X, and Freeman ML. . Nrf2 degradation by the ubiquitin proteasome pathway is inhibited by KIAA0132, the human homolog to Inrf2. . Oncogene, 21, 6829-6834, 2002

Sekhar, Konjet R, Yan, Xue Xian, Freeman, Michael L. Nrf2 degradation by the ubiquitin proteasome pathway is inhibited by KIAA0132, the human homolog to INrf2. Oncogene, 21(44), 6829-34, 2002

Sekhar, Konjeti R, Spitz, Douglas R, Harris, Stephanie, Nguyen, Trung T, Meredith, Michael J, Holt, Jeffrey T, Gius, David, Marnett, Lawrence J, Summar, Marshall L, Freeman, Michael L, Guis, David. Redox-sensitive interaction between KIAA0132 and Nrf2 mediates indomethacin-induced expression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase. Free Radic Biol Med, 32(7), 650-62, 2002

Freeman ML, Henle KJ, Dewhirst M W. Hyperthermia. Molecular Biology of Cancer (ed. JR Bertino), 888-900, 2001

Amorino GP, Freeman ML, Choy H. Enhancement of radiation effects by the estrogen metabolite 2-methoxyestradiol. Radiation Research, 153, 384-391, 2000

Amorino, G P, Freeman, M L, Choy, H. Enhancement of radiation effects in vitro by the estrogen metabolite 2-methoxyestradiol. Radiat Res, 153(4), 384-91, 2000

Brown NJ, Nakamura S, Ma LJ, Nakamura I, Donnert E, Freeman M, Vaughan DE, and Fogo AB. Aldosterone modulates plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and glomerulosclerosis in vivo. Kidney Int., 58, 1219-1227, 2000

GA Senisterra, HE Frey, ML Freeman, MJ Borrelli, and JR Lepock. Protein destabilization and denaturation: Implications for hyperthermia and the heat shock response. Recent. Res. Devel. Biochem., 2, 65-96, 2000

Sekhar KR,Soltaninassab SR, Borrelli MJ, Xu ZQ, Meredith MJ, Domann FE, and Freeman ML. Inhibition of the 26S proteasome induces expression of GLCLC, the Catalytic Subunit for -Glutamylcysteine Synthetase. BBRC, 270, 311-317, 2000

Sekhar, K R, Soltaninassab, S R, Borrelli, M J, Xu, Z Q, Meredith, M J, Domann, F E, Freeman, M L. Inhibition of the 26S proteasome induces expression of GLCLC, the catalytic subunit for gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 270(1), 311-7, 2000

Soltaninassab SR, Sekhar KR, Meredith ML, and Freeman ML. Multi-faceted regulation of gamma glutamylcysteine synthetase. J. Cell Physiol, 182, 163-170, 2000

Soltaninassab, S R, Sekhar, K R, Meredith, M J, Freeman, M L. Multi-faceted regulation of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase. J Cell Physiol, 182(2), 163-70, 2000

Amorino G, Freeman ML, Carbone DP, Lebwohl DE, and Choy H. Radioprotection by the oral platinum agent, JM216: Role of repair inhibition. Inter. J. Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 44, 399-405, 1999

Amorino, G P, Freeman, M L, Carbone, D P, Lebwohl, D E, Choy, H. Radiopotentiation by the oral platinum agent, JM216: role of repair inhibition. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 44(2), 399-405, 1999

Freeman ML, Borrelli MJ, Meredith MJ, and Lepock JR. On the Path to the Heat Shock Response: Destabilization and Formation of Molten Globule Intermediates, a Consequence of Protein Thiol Modification. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 26, 737-745, 1999

Freeman, M L, Borrelli, M J, Meredith, M J, Lepock, J R. On the path to the heat shock response: destabilization and formation of partially folded protein intermediates, a consequence of protein thiol modification. Free Radic Biol Med, 26(5-6), 737-45, 1999

Sekhar KR and Freeman ML. Autophosphorylation inhibits the activity of gamma- glutamylcysteine synthetase. J. Enzyme Inhibition, 14, 323-330, 1999

Sekhar, K R, Freeman, M L. Autophosphorylation inhibits the activity of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase. J Enzyme Inhib, 14(4), 323-30, 1999

Abbott DW, Freeman ML, and Holt JT. Double-Strand Break Repair Deficiency and Radiation Sensitivity in BRCA2 Mutant Cancer Cells. JNCI, 90, 978-985, 1998

Abbott, D W, Freeman, M L, Holt, J T. Double-strand break repair deficiency and radiation sensitivity in BRCA2 mutant cancer cells. J Natl Cancer Inst, 90(13), 978-85, 1998

Borrelli MJ, Stafford DM, Rausch CM, Freeman ML, Lepock JR, and Corry PM. Diamide induced cytoxicity and thermotolerance in CHO cells. J. Cell. Physiol., 177, 483-492, 1998

Borrelli, MJ, Stafford, DM, Rausch, CM, Bernock, LJ, Freeman, ML, Lepock, JR, Corry, PM. Diamide-induced cytotoxicity and thermotolerance in CHO cells. J Cell Physiol, 177(3), 483-92, 1998

Brown KE, Kinter MT, Oberley TD, Freeman ML, Frierson HF, Ridnour LA, Tao Y, Oberley LW, and Spitz DR. Enhanced -glutamyl transpeptidase expression and selective loss of CuZn superoxide dismutase in hepatic iron overload. Free Radical Biology and Medicine , 24, 545-555, 1998

Meredith MJ, Cusick CL, Soltaninassab S, Sekhar KS, Lu S and Freeman ML. Expression of Bcl-2 increases intracellular glutathione by inhibiting methionine dependent GSH efflux. BBRC, 248, 458-463, 1998

Meredith, MJ, Cusick, CL, Soltaninassab, S, Sekhar, KS, Lu, S, Freeman, ML. Expression of Bcl-2 increases intracellular glutathione by inhibiting methionine-dependent GSH efflux. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 248(3), 458-63, 1998

Sekhar KR and Freeman ML. PEST sequences in proteins involved in cyclic nucliotide signalling pathways. J. Receptor and Signal Transduction Research, 18, 113-132, 1998

Sekhar, K R, Freeman, M L. PEST sequences in proteins involved in cyclic nucleotide signalling pathways. J Recept Signal Transduct Res, 18(2-3), 113-32, 1998

Freeman ML, Huntely SA, Meredith MJ, Senisterra GA, and Lepock JR. Destabilization and denaturation of cellular protein by glutathione depletion. Cell Stress and Chaperones, 2, 191-198, 1997

Freeman, M L, Huntley, S A, Meredith, M J, Senisterra, G A, Lepock, J. Destabilization and denaturation of cellular protein by glutathione depletion. Cell Stress Chaperones, 2(3), 191-8, 1997 PMCID:312997

McDuffee AT, Senisterra GA, Huntley SA, Lepock JR, Senkhar KR, Morrow JD, and Freeman ML. Proteins containing non-native disulfide bonds generated by oxidative stress may act as signals for the induction of the heat shock response. J. Cellular Physiology , 171, 143-151, 1997

McDuffee, A T, Senisterra, G, Huntley, S, Lepock, J R, Sekhar, K R, Meredith, M J, Borrelli, M J, Morrow, J D, Freeman, M L. Proteins containing non-native disulfide bonds generated by oxidative stress can act as signals for the induction of the heat shock response. J Cell Physiol, 171(2), 143-51, 1997

Sekhar KR, Long M, Long, J, Xu ZQ, Summar, ML, and Freeman, ML. Alteration of transcriptional and post-transcriptional expression of -glutamylcysteine synthetase by diethyl maleate. Radiation Res., 147, 592-597, 1997

Sekhar KR, Meredith MJ, Kerr KD, Soltaninassab SR, Spitz DR, Xu ZQ, and Freeman ML. Expression of glutathione and - glutamylcysteine synthetase mRNA is Jun dependent. BBRC, 234, 588-593, 1997

Sekhar, K R, Long, M, Long, J, Xu, Z Q, Summar, M L, Freeman, M L. Alteration of transcriptional and post-transcriptional expression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase by diethyl maleate. Radiat Res, 147(5), 592-7, 1997

Sekhar, K R, Meredith, M J, Kerr, L D, Soltaninassab, S R, Spitz, D R, Xu, Z Q, Freeman, M L. Expression of glutathione and gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase mRNA is Jun dependent. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 234(3), 588-93, 1997

Senisterra GA, Huntley SA, Escaravage M, Sekhar KR, Freeman ML, Borrelli M, and Lepock JR. Destabilization of the Ca2+-ATPase of Sarcoplasmic reticulum by thiol specific-specific, heat shock inducers results in thermal denaturation at 37 C. Biochemistry , 36, 11002-11011, 1997

Senisterra, GA, Huntley, SA, Escaravage, M, Sekhar, KR, Freeman, ML, Borrelli, M, Lepock, JR. Destabilization of the Ca2+-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum by thiol-specific, heat shock inducers results in thermal denaturation at 37 degrees C. Biochemistry, 36(36), 11002-11, 1997

Freeman ML and Henle KJ. . Hyperthermia. Molecular Biology of Cancer (ed. JR Bertino) Academic Press, 888-900, 1996

Jennings, M T, Freeman, M L, Murray, M J. Strategies in the treatment of diffuse pontine gliomas: the therapeutic role of hyperfractionated radiotherapy and chemotherapy. J Neurooncol, 28(2-3), 207-22, 1996

Sierra-Rivera E, Dasouki M, Summar ML, Krishnamani MRS, Meredith M, Rao PN, Phillips JA, and Freeman ML. Chromosomal localization of the human gene that encodes the regulatory subunit of -glutamylcysteine synthetase to chromosome 1p21. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics, 72, 252-254, 1996

Sierra-Rivera, E, Dasouki, M, Summar, M L, Krishnamani, M R, Meredith, M, Rao, P N, Phillips, J A, Freeman, M L. Assignment of the human gene (GLCLR) that encodes the regulatory subunit of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase to chromosome 1p21. Cytogenet Cell Genet, 72(2-3), 252-4, 1996

Freeman, M L, Borrelli, M J, Syed, K, Senisterra, G, Stafford, D M, Lepock, J R. Characterization of a signal generated by oxidation of protein thiols that activates the heat shock transcription factor. J Cell Physiol, 164(2), 356-66, 1995

Sierra-Rivera E, Summar ML, Krishnamani MRS, Phillips III JA, and Freeman ML. Assignment of the gene that codes the heavy subunit of -glutamylcysteine synthetase to human chromosome 6. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics , 70, 278-279, 1995

Sierra-Rivera E, Summar ML, Krishnamani MRS, Phillips III JA, and Freeman ML.. Assignment of the gene that codes the heavy subunit of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase to human chromosome 6. . Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics , 70, 278-279, 1995

Sierra-Rivera, E, Summar, M L, Dasouki, M, Krishnamani, M R, Phillips, J A, Freeman, M L. Assignment of the gene (GLCLC) that encodes the heavy subunit of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase to human chromosome 6. Cytogenet Cell Genet, 70(3-4), 278-9, 1995

Sierra-Rivera, E, Meredith, M J, Summar, M L, Smith, M D, Voorhees, G J, Stoffel, C M, Freeman, M L. Genes regulating glutathione concentrations in X-ray-transformed rat embryo fibroblasts: changes in gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase and gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase expression. Carcinogenesis, 15(7), 1301-7, 1994

Sierra-Rivera, E, Meredith, M J, Voorhees, G J, Oberley, L W, Eisert, D R, Freeman, M L. Synthesis of heat shock proteins following oxidative challenge: role of glutathione. Int J Hyperthermia, 10(4), 573-86, 1994

Freeman, M L, Sierra-Rivera, E, Voorhees, G J, Eisert, D R, Meredith, M J. Synthesis of hsp-70 is enhanced in glutathione-depleted Hep G2 cells. Radiat Res, 135(3), 387-93, 1993

Sierra-Rivera, E, Voorhees, G J, Freeman, M L. Gamma irradiation increases hsp-70 in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Radiat Res, 135(1), 40-5, 1993

Oikawa T, Freeman ML, Lo W, Vaughan DE, and Fogo A. . Modulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1(PAI-1) in vivo: A new mechanism for the anti-fibrotic effect of rennin-angiotensin inhibition. . Kidney Inter, 51, 164-172, 1992

Atsmon, J, Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J, Sweetman, B J, Roberts, L J. Modulation of the antiproliferative activity of 9-deoxy-delta 9,delta 12(E)-PGD2 by conjugation with intracellular glutathione. Adv Prostaglandin Thromboxane Leukot Res, 21B, 887-90, 1991

Saunders, E L, Maines, M D, Meredith, M J, Freeman, M L. Enhancement of heme oxygenase-1 synthesis by glutathione depletion in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Arch Biochem Biophys, 288(2), 368-73, 1991

Saunders, E L, Meredith, M J, Eisert, D R, Freeman, M L. Depletion of glutathione after gamma irradiation modifies survival. Radiat Res, 125(3), 267-76, 1991

Atsmon, J, Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J, Sweetman, B J, Roberts, L J. Conjugation of 9-deoxy-delta 9,delta 12(E)-prostaglandin D2 with intracellular glutathione and enhancement of its antiproliferative activity by glutathione depletion. Cancer Res, 50(6), 1879-85, 1990

Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J, Eisert, D R. Failure of chronic glutathione elevation to reduce cytotoxicity produced by exposure to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II), ionizing radiation, or hyperthermia. Cancer Res, 50(17), 5296-300, 1990

Freeman, M L, Spitz, D R, Meredith, M J. Does heat shock enhance oxidative stress? Studies with ferrous and ferric iron. Radiat Res, 124(3), 288-93, 1990

Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J. Glutathione conjugation and induction of a 32,000 dalton stress protein. Biochem Pharmacol, 38(2), 299-304, 1989

Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J. Measurement of protein thiols after heat shock using 3-(-N-maleimido-propionyl) biocytin labeled proteins separated by SDS-PAGE and electroluted onto nitrocellulose: thiol blotting. Radiat Res, 117(2), 326-33, 1989

Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J. Modulation of diamide toxicity in thermotolerant cells by inhibition of protein synthesis. Cancer Res, 49(16), 4493-8, 1989

Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J. Subcellular localization of glutathione and thermal sensitivity. Radiat Res, 115(3), 461-71, 1988

Freeman, M L, Meredith, M J, Laszlo, A. Depletion of glutathione, heat shock protein synthesis, and the development of thermotolerance in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Cancer Res, 48(24 Pt 1), 7033-7, 1988

Freeman, M L, Scidmore, N C, Meredith, M J. Inhibition of heat shock protein synthesis and thermotolerance by cycloheximide. Radiat Res, 112(3), 564-74, 1987

Freeman, ML, Meredith, MJ. The effect of GSH depletion on thermal radiosensitization. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 13(9), 1371-5, 1987

Freeman, ML, Scidmore, NC, Malcolm, AW, Meredith, MJ. Diamide exposure, thermal resistance, and synthesis of stress (heat shock) proteins. Biochem Pharmacol, 36(1), 21-9, 1987

Freeman, M L, Malcolm, A W, Meredith, M J. Glutathione pool size affects cell survival after hyperthermic treatment. Cell Biol Toxicol, 1(3), 213-21, 1985

Freeman, ML, Malcolm, A. Acid modification of thermal damage and its relationship to nutrient availability. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 11(10), 1823-6, 1985

Freeman, ML, Malcolm, AW, Meredith, MJ. Decreased intracellular glutathione concentration and increased hyperthermic cytotoxicity in an acid environment. Cancer Res, 45(2), 504-8, 1985

Freeman, ML, Malcolm, AW, Meredith, MJ. Role of glutathione in cell survival after hyperthermic treatment of Chinese hamster ovary cells. Cancer Res, 45(12 Pt 1), 6308-13, 1985

Freeman, ML, Sierra, E. An acidic extracellular environment reduces the fixation of radiation damage. Radiat Res, 97(1), 154-61, 1984

Freeman, ML, Sierra, E, Hall, EJ. The repair of sublethal damage in diploid human fibroblasts: a comparison between human and rodent cell lines. Radiat Res, 95(2), 382-91, 1983

Freeman, ML, Goldhagen, P, Sierra, E, Hall, EJ. Studies with encapsulated 125I sources. II. Determination of the relative biological effectiveness using cultured mammalian cells. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 8(8), 1355-61, 1982

Freeman, ML, Sierra, E, Deitch, AD, Cubbon, RM. The repair of potentially lethal and sublethal damage in unfed plateau-phase cultures irradiated at 0.78 Gy/hr. Radiat Res, 92(3), 596-603, 1982

Goldhagen, PE, Freeman, ML, Hall, EJ. Studies with encapsulated 125I sources. I. Apparatus and dosimetry for determination of relative biological effectiveness. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 8(8), 1347-53, 1982

Freeman, ML, Boone, ML, Ensley, BA, Gillette, EL. The influence of environmental pH on the interaction and repair of heat and radiation damage. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 7(6), 761-4, 1981

Freeman, ML, Holahan, EV, Highfield, DP, Raaphorst, GP, Spiro, IJ, Dewey, WC. The effect of pH on hyperthermic and x ray induced cell killing. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 7(2), 211-6, 1981

Dewey, WC, Freeman, ML. Rationale for use of hyperthermia in cancer therapy. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 335, 372-8, 1980

Freeman, ML, Raaphorst, GP, Hopwood, LE, Dewey, WC. The effect of pH on cell lethality induced by hyperthermic treatment. Cancer, 45(9), 2291-2300, 1980

Freeman, ML, Raaphorst, GP, Dewey, WC. The relationship of heat killing and thermal radiosensitization to the duration of heating at 42 degrees C. Radiat Res, 78(1), 172-5, 1979

Raaphorst, GP, Freeman, ML, Dewey, WC. Radiosensitivity and recovery from radiation damage in cultured CHO cells exposed to hyperthermia at 42.5 or 45.5 degrees C. Radiat Res, 79(2), 390-402, 1979

Raaphorst, GP, Sapareto, SA, Freeman, ML, Dewey, WC. Changes in cellular heat and/or radiation sensitivity observed at various times after trypsinization and plating. Int J Radiat Biol Relat Stud Phys Chem Med, 35(2), 193-7, 1979

Freeman, ML, Dewey, WC, Hopwood, LE. Effect of pH on hyperthermic cell survival. J Natl Cancer Inst, 58(6), 1837-9, 1977


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Updated Date
07/06/2010