Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Schaffner, William , M.D.
Professor of Health Policy
Professor of Medicine

Lab Url: N/A

Phone Number: 322-2037


Schaffner, William's picture

Office Address   Mailing Address

Suite 2100 37212

Arriola, CS, Anderson, EJ, Baumbach, J, Bennett, N, Bohm, S, Hill, M, Lindegren, ML, Lung, K, Meek, J, Mermel, E, Miller, L, Monroe, ML, Morin, C, Oni, O, Reingold, A, Schaffner, W, Thomas, A, Zansky, SM, Finelli, L, Chaves, SS. Does Influenza Vaccination Modify Influenza Severity? Data on Older Adults Hospitalized With Influenza During the 2012-2013 Season in the United States. J Infect Dis, 212(8), 1200-8, 2015.

Braun, ES, Crawford, FW, Desai, MM, Meek, J, Kirley, PD, Miller, L, Anderson, EJ, Oni, O, Ryan, P, Lynfield, R, Bargsten, M, Bennett, NM, Lung, KL, Thomas, A, Mermel, E, Lindegren, ML, Schaffner, W, Price, A, Chaves, SS. Obesity not associated with severity among hospitalized adults with seasonal influenza virus infection. Infection, 43(5), 569-75, 2015.

Chaves, SS, P??rez, A, Miller, L, Bennett, NM, Bandyopadhyay, A, Farley, MM, Fowler, B, Hancock, EB, Kirley, PD, Lynfield, R, Ryan, P, Morin, C, Schaffner, W, Sharangpani, R, Lindegren, ML, Tengelsen, L, Thomas, A, Hill, MB, Bradley, KK, Oni, O, Meek, J, Zansky, S, Widdowson, MA, Finelli, L. Impact of Prompt Influenza Antiviral Treatment on Extended Care Needs After Influenza Hospitalization Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Clin Infect Dis, , , 2015.

Epstein, L, Mu, Y, Belflower, R, Scott, J, Ray, S, Dumyati, G, Felsen, C, Petit, S, Yousey-Hindes, K, Nadle, J, Pasutti, L, Lynfield, R, Warnke, L, Schaffner, W, Leib, K, Kallen, AJ, Fridkin, SK, Lessa, FC. Risk Factors for Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection After Recent Discharge From an Acute-Care Hospitalization, 2011-2013. Clin Infect Dis, , , 2015.

Garg, S, Jain, S, Dawood, FS, Jhung, M, P??rez, A, D''Mello, T, Reingold, A, Gershman, K, Meek, J, Arnold, KE, Farley, MM, Ryan, P, Lynfield, R, Morin, C, Baumbach, J, Hancock, EB, Zansky, S, Bennett, N, Thomas, A, Schaffner, W, Finelli, L. Pneumonia among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed seasonal influenza virus infection-United States, 2005-2008. BMC Infect Dis, 15, 369, 2015.

Jules, A, Grijalva, CG, Zhu, Y, Talbot, HK, Williams, JV, Poehling, KA, Chaves, SS, Edwards, KM, Schaffner, W, Shay, DK, Griffin, MR. Influenza-related hospitalization and ED visits in children less than 5 years: 2000-2011. Pediatrics, 135(1), e66-74, 2015.

Laidler, MR, Thomas, A, Baumbach, J, Kirley, PD, Meek, J, Aragon, D, Morin, C, Ryan, PA, Schaffner, W, Zansky, SM, Chaves, SS. Statin treatment and mortality: propensity score-matched analyses of 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations. Open Forum Infect Dis, 2(1), ofv028, 2015.

Lindegren, ML, Griffin, MR, Williams, JV, Edwards, KM, Zhu, Y, Mitchel, E, Fry, AM, Schaffner, W, Talbot, HK. Antiviral treatment among older adults hospitalized with influenza, 2006-2012. PLoS One, 10(3), e0121952, 2015.

MacNeil, JR, Bennett, N, Farley, MM, Harrison, LH, Lynfield, R, Nichols, M, Petit, S, Reingold, A, Schaffner, W, Thomas, A, Pondo, T, Mayer, LW, Clark, TA, Cohn, AC. Epidemiology of infant meningococcal disease in the United States, 2006-2012. Pediatrics, 135(2), e305-11, 2015.

Moore, MR, Link-Gelles, R, Schaffner, W, Lynfield, R, Lexau, C, Bennett, NM, Petit, S, Zansky, SM, Harrison, LH, Reingold, A, Miller, L, Scherzinger, K, Thomas, A, Farley, MM, Zell, ER, Taylor, TH, Pondo, T, Rodgers, L, McGee, L, Beall, B, Jorgensen, JH, Whitney, CG. Effect of use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children on invasive pneumococcal disease in children and adults in the USA: analysis of multisite, population-based surveillance. Lancet Infect Dis, 15(3), 301-9, 2015.

Su, S, Fry, AM, Kirley, PD, Aragon, D, Yousey-Hindes, K, Meek, J, Openo, K, Oni, O, Sharangpani, R, Morin, C, Hollick, G, Lung, K, Laidler, M, Lindegren, ML, Schaffner, W, Atkinson, A, Chaves, SS. Survey of influenza and other respiratory viruses diagnostic testing in US hospitals, 2012-13. Influenza Other Respir Viruses, , , 2015.

de St Maurice, A, Grijalva, CG, Fonnesbeck, C, Schaffner, W, Halasa, NB. Racial and Regional Differences in Rates of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease. Pediatrics, 136(5), e1186-94, 2015.

Blain, A, MacNeil, J, Wang, X, Bennett, N, Farley, MM, Harrison, LH, Lexau, C, Miller, L, Nichols, M, Petit, S, Reingold, A, Schaffner, W, Thomas, A, Clark, T, Cohn, A, Briere, E. Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Disease in Adults ???65 Years, United States, 2011. Open Forum Infect Dis, 1(2), ofu044, 2014.

Chaves, SS, Perez, A, Farley, MM, Miller, L, Schaffner, W, Lindegren, ML, Sharangpani, R, Meek, J, Yousey-Hindes, K, Thomas, A, Boulton, R, Baumbach, J, Hancock, EB, Bandyopadhyay, AS, Lynfield, R, Morin, C, Zansky, SM, Reingold, A, Bennett, NM, Ryan, P, Fowler, B, Fry, A, Finelli, L, , . The burden of influenza hospitalizations in infants from 2003 to 2012, United States. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 33(9), 912-9, 2014.

Dharan, NJ, Sokolow, LZ, Cheng, PY, Gargiullo, P, Gershman, K, Lynfield, R, Morin, C, Thomas, A, Meek, J, Farley, MM, Arnold, KE, Reingold, A, Craig, AS, Schaffner, W, Bennett, NM, Zansky, S, Baumbach, J, Lathrop, S, Kamimoto, L, Shay, DK. Child, household, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospitalization for influenza among children 6-59 months of age: an emerging infections program study. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 33(6), e141-50, 2014.

Lindegren, ML, Schaffner, W. Treatment with neuraminidase inhibitors for high-risk patients with influenza: why is adherence to antiviral treatment recommendations so low. J Infect Dis, 210(4), 510-3, 2014.

Pham, CD, Iqbal, N, Bolden, CB, Kuykendall, RJ, Harrison, LH, Farley, MM, Schaffner, W, Beldavs, ZG, Chiller, TM, Park, BJ, Cleveland, AA, Lockhart, SR. Role of FKS Mutations in Candida glabrata: MIC values, echinocandin resistance, and multidrug resistance. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 58(8), 4690-6, 2014.

Su, S, Chaves, SS, Perez, A, D''Mello, T, Kirley, PD, Yousey-Hindes, K, Farley, MM, Harris, M, Sharangpani, R, Lynfield, R, Morin, C, Hancock, EB, Zansky, S, Hollick, GE, Fowler, B, McDonald-Hamm, C, Thomas, A, Horan, V, Lindegren, ML, Schaffner, W, Price, A, Bandyopadhyay, A, Fry, AM. Comparing clinical characteristics between hospitalized adults with laboratory-confirmed influenza A and B virus infection. Clin Infect Dis, 59(2), 252-5, 2014.

Verani, JR, Spina, NL, Lynfield, R, Schaffner, W, Harrison, LH, Holst, A, Thomas, S, Garcia, JM, Scherzinger, K, Aragon, D, Petit, S, Thompson, J, Pasutti, L, Carey, R, McGee, L, Weston, E, Schrag, SJ. Early-onset group B streptococcal disease in the United States: potential for further reduction. Obstet Gynecol, 123(4), 828-37, 2014.

Wiringa, AE, Shutt, KA, Marsh, JW, Cohn, AC, Messonnier, NE, Zansky, SM, Petit, S, Farley, MM, Gershman, K, Lynfield, R, Reingold, A, Schaffner, W, Thompson, J, Brown, ST, Lee, BY, Harrison, LH. Geotemporal analysis of Neisseria meningitidis clones in the United States: 2000-2005. PLoS One, 8(12), e82048, 2013.

Jules, A, Grijalva, CG, Zhu, Y, Talbot, KH, Williams, JV, Dupont, WD, Edwards, KM, Schaffner, W, Shay, DK, Griffin, MR. Estimating age-specific influenza-related hospitalization rates during the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Davidson Co, TN. Influenza Other Respi Viruses, 6(3), e63-71, 2012.

Murphree, R, Dunn, JR, Schaffner, W, Jones, TF. La Crosse Encephalitis Surveillance using Single Versus Paired Serologic Testing. Zoonoses Public Health, 59(3), 181-3, 2012.

Carnevale, RJ, Talbot, TR, Schaffner, W, Bloch, KC, Daniels, TL, Miller, RA. Evaluating the utility of syndromic surveillance algorithms for screening to detect potentially clonal hospital infection outbreaks. J Am Med Inform Assoc, 18(4), 466-72, 2011.

Creech, CB, Litzner, B, Talbot, TR, Schaffner, W. Frequency of detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from rectovaginal swabs in pregnant women. Am J Infect Control, 38(1), 72-4, 2010.

Schaffner, W, Rehm, SJ, File, TM. Keeping our adult patients healthy and active: the role of vaccines across the lifespan. Phys Sportsmed, 38(4), 35-47, 2010.

Talbot, TR, Schaffner, W. On being the first: Virginia Mason Medical Center and mandatory influenza vaccination of healthcare workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 31(9), 889-92, 2010.

Thomas, LD, Schaffner, W. Tularemia pneumonia. Infect Dis Clin North Am, 24(1), 43-55, 2010.

Devasia, RA, Jones, TF, Collier, B, Schaffner, W. Compliance with azithromycin versus erythromycin in the setting of a pertussis outbreak. Am J Med Sci, 337(3), 176-8, 2009.

Daniels, TL, Deppen, S, Arbogast, PG, Griffin, MR, Schaffner, W, Talbot, TR. Mortality rates associated with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection in surgical intensive care units. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 29(11), 1080-3, 2008.

Pont, SJ, Carpenter, LR, Griffin, MR, Jones, TF, Schaffner, W, Dudley, JA, Arbogast, PG, Cooper, WO. Trends in healthcare usage attributable to diarrhea, 1995-2004. J Pediatr, 153(6), 777-82, 2008.

Schaffner, W. Update on vaccine-preventable diseases: are adults in your community adequately protected. J Fam Pract, 57(4 Suppl), S1-11; quiz S12, 2008.

Allos, BM, Schaffner, W. Transmission of hepatitis B in the health care setting: the elephant in the room ... Or the mouse. J Infect Dis, 195(9), 1245-7, 2007.

Goins, WP, Schaffner, W, Edwards, KM, Talbot, TR. Healthcare workers'' knowledge and attitudes about pertussis and pertussis vaccination. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 28(11), 1284-9, 2007.

Grijalva, CG, Poehling, KA, Edwards, KM, Weinberg, GA, Staat, MA, Iwane, MK, Schaffner, W, Griffin, MR. Accuracy and interpretation of rapid influenza tests in children. Pediatrics, 119(1), e6-11, 2007.

Halasa, NB, Shankar, SM, Talbot, TR, Arbogast, PG, Mitchel, EF, Wang, WC, Schaffner, W, Craig, AS, Griffin, MR. Incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease among individuals with sickle cell disease before and after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Clin Infect Dis, 44(11), 1428-33, 2007.

Nania, JJ, Skinner, J, Wilkerson, K, Warkentin, JV, Thayer, V, Swift, M, Schaffner, W, Talbot, TR. Exposure to pulmonary tuberculosis in a neonatal intensive care unit: unique aspects of contact investigation and management of hospitalized neonates. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 28(6), 661-5, 2007.

Daniels, TL, Talbot, TR, Schaffner, W. Who, what, when, where, why, and how? The unanswered questions of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis. Curr Infect Dis Rep, 8(2), 83-5, 2006.

Grijalva, CG, Craig, AS, Dupont, WD, Bridges, CB, Schrag, SJ, Iwane, MK, Schaffner, W, Edwards, KM, Griffin, MR. Estimating influenza hospitalizations among children. Emerg Infect Dis, 12(1), 103-9, 2006.

Grijalva, CG, Weinberg, GA, Bennett, NM, Staat, MA, Craig, AS, Dupont, WD, Iwane, MK, Postema, AS, Schaffner, W, Edwards, KM, Griffin, MR. Estimating the undetected burden of influenza hospitalizations in children. Epidemiol Infect, , 1-8, 2006.

Ma, KK, Schaffner, W, Colmenares, C, Howser, J, Jones, J, Poehling, KA. Influenza vaccinations of young children increased with media coverage in 2003. Pediatrics, 117(2), e157-63, 2006.

Poehling, KA, Talbot, TR, Griffin, MR, Craig, AS, Whitney, CG, Zell, E, Lexau, CA, Thomas, AR, Harrison, LH, Reingold, AL, Hadler, JL, Farley, MM, Anderson, BJ, Schaffner, W. Invasive pneumococcal disease among infants before and after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. JAMA, 295(14), 1668-74, 2006.

Eisenberg, E, Craig, AS, Gautam, S, Khalil, MM, Shaktour, B, Schaffner, W, Griffin, MR. Beyond screening: identifying new barriers to early onset group B streptococcal disease prevention. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 24(6), 520-4, 2005.

Halasa, NB, Williams, JV, Wilson, GJ, Walsh, WF, Schaffner, W, Wright, PF. Medical and economic impact of a respiratory syncytial virus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 24(12), 1040-4, 2005.

Talbot, TR, Hartert, TV, Mitchel, E, Halasa, NB, Arbogast, PG, Poehling, KA, Schaffner, W, Craig, AS, Griffin, MR. Asthma as a risk factor for invasive pneumococcal disease. N Engl J Med, 352(20), 2082-90, 2005.

Talbot, TR, Poehling, KA, Hartert, TV, Arbogast, PG, Halasa, NB, Edwards, KM, Schaffner, W, Craig, AS, Griffin, MR. Seasonality of invasive pneumococcal disease: temporal relation to documented influenza and respiratory syncytial viral circulation. Am J Med, 118(3), 285-91, 2005.

Heavrin, BS, Jones, TF, Shavor, T, Schaffner, W. The changing epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Tennessee. Tenn Med, 97(8), 357-60, 2004.

Jones, TF, Ingram, LA, Craig, AS, Schaffner, W. Determinants of influenza vaccination, 2003-2004: shortages, fallacies and disparities. Clin Infect Dis, 39(12), 1824-8, 2004.

Talbot, TR, D''Agata, EM, Brinsko, V, Lee, B, Speroff, T, Schaffner, W. Perioperative blood transfusion is predictive of poststernotomy surgical site infection: marker for morbidity or true immunosuppressant. Clin Infect Dis, 38(10), 1378-82, 2004.

Talbot, TR, Poehling, KA, Hartert, TV, Arbogast, PG, Halasa, NB, Mitchel, E, Schaffner, W, Craig, AS, Edwards, KM, Griffin, MR. Reduction in high rates of antibiotic-nonsusceptible invasive pneumococcal disease in tennessee after introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Clin Infect Dis, 39(5), 641-8, 2004.

Talbot, TR, Poehling, KA, Hartert, TV, Arbogast, PG, Halasa, NB, Mitchel, E, Schaffner, W, Craig, AS, Edwards, KM, Griffin, MR. Elimination of racial differences in invasive pneumococcal disease in young children after introduction of the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 23(8), 726-31, 2004.

Jones, Timothy F, Woodley, Charles L, Fountain, Francis F, Schaffner, William. Increased incidence of the outbreak strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the surrounding community after an outbreak in a jail. South Med J, 96(2), 155-7, 2003.

D'Agata, E M, Green, W K, Schulman, G, Li, H, Tang, Y W, Schaffner, W. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci among chronic hemodialysis patients: a prospective study of acquisition. Clin Infect Dis, 32(1), 23-9, 2001.

D'Agata, E M, Mount, D B, Thayer, V, Schaffner, W. Hospital-acquired infections among chronic hemodialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis, 35(6), 1083-8, 2000.

D'Agata, E M, Thayer, V, Schaffner, W. An outbreak of Acinetobacter baumannii: the importance of cross-transmission. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 21(9), 588-91, 2000.

Green, K, Schulman, G, Haas, D W, Schaffner, W, D'Agata, E M. Vancomycin prescribing practices in hospitalized chronic hemodialysis patients. Am J Kidney Dis, 35(1), 64-8, 2000.

Boyce, T G, Craig, A S, Schaffner, W, Dermody, T S. Fever and encephalopathy in two school age boys. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 17(10), 935, 939-40, 1998.

Haas, D W, Milton, S, Kreiswirth, B N, Brinsko, V L, Bifani, P J, Schaffner, W. Nosocomial transmission of a drug-sensitive W-variant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in Tennessee. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 19(9), 635-9, 1998.

Raffanti, S P, Schaffner, W, Federspiel, C F, Blackwell, R B, Ching, O A, K??hne, F W. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the immune modulator WF10 in patients with advanced AIDS. Infection, 26(4), 202-7, 1998.

Antony, S J, Schaffner, W. Q fever pneumonia. Semin Respir Infect, 12(1), 2-6, 1997.

Gregory, D W, Schaffner, W. Psittacosis. Semin Respir Infect, 12(1), 7-11, 1997.

Johnson, M D, Schaffner, W, Atkinson, J, Pierce, M A. Autopsy risk and acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus infection: a case report and reappraisal. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 121(1), 64-6, 1997.

Schaffner, W. Varicella vaccination for adolescents with asthma. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 16(7), 723, 1997.

Allos, B M, Genshelmer, K F, Bloch, A B, Parrotte, D, Horan, J M, Lewis, V, Schaffner, W. Management of an outbreak of tuberculosis in a small community. Ann Intern Med, 125(2), 114-7, 1996.

Schaffner, W, LaForce, F M. Training field epidemiologists: Alexander D. Langmuir and the epidemic intelligence service. Am J Epidemiol, 144(8 Suppl), S16-22, 1996.

Griffin, M R, Daugherty, J, Reed, G W, Standaert, S M, Hutchins, S S, Hutcheson, R H, Schaffner, W. Immunization coverage among infants enrolled in the Tennessee Medicaid program. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 149(5), 559-64, 1995.

Schaffner, W, Mishu-Allos, B. Protecting patients when their surgeon or dentist is infected with a blood-borne virus. J Hosp Infect, 30 Suppl, 156-62, 1995.

Scott, M A, Graham, B S, Verrall, R, Dixon, R, Schaffner, W, Tham, K T. Rhodococcus equi--an increasingly recognized opportunistic pathogen. Report of 12 cases and review of 65 cases in the literature. Am J Clin Pathol, 103(5), 649-55, 1995.

Stratton, C W, Ratner, H, Johnston, P E, Schaffner, W. Focused microbiologic surveillance by specific hospital unit: practical application and clinical utility. Clin Ther, 15 Suppl A, 12-20, 1993.

Latham, R H, Schaffner, W. Rocky Mountain spotted (and spotless) fever. Compr Ther, 18(12), 18-21, 1992.

Stratton, C W, Ratner, H, Johnston, P E, Schaffner, W. Focused microbiologic surveillance by specific hospital unit as a sensitive means of defining antimicrobial resistance problems. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis, 15(2 Suppl), 11S-18S, 1992.

Griffin, M R, Ray, W A, Mortimer, E A, Fenichel, G M, Schaffner, W. Risk of seizures after measles-mumps-rubella immunization. Pediatrics, 88(5), 881-5, 1991.

Schaffner, W. Surgeons with HIV infection: the risk to patients. J Hosp Infect, 18 Suppl A, 191-6, 1991.

Barg, N L, Hutson, F S, Wheeler, L A, Thomson, C J, Amyes, S G, Wharton, M, Schaffner, W. Novel dihydrofolate reductases isolated from epidemic strains of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole-resistant Shigella sonnei. J Infect Dis, 162(2), 466-73, 1990.

Decker, M D, Schaffner, W. Immunization of hospital personnel and other health care workers. Infect Dis Clin North Am, 4(2), 211-21, 1990.

Griffin, M R, Ray, W A, Mortimer, E A, Fenichel, G M, Schaffner, W. Risk of seizures and encephalopathy after immunization with the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine. JAMA, 263(12), 1641-5, 1990.

Stone, W J, Schaffner, W. Strongyloides infections in transplant recipients. Semin Respir Infect, 5(1), 58-64, 1990.

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